|1.||Respiratory Tract Infections (Respiratory Tract Infection)
|1.||Hemilä, Harri: 16 articles (12/2015 - 01/2002)|
|2.||Singh, Meenu: 9 articles (08/2015 - 01/2011)|
|3.||Prasad, Ananda S: 7 articles (10/2014 - 03/2008)|
|4.||Arroll, B: 6 articles (12/2005 - 01/2000)|
|5.||Eccles, R: 5 articles (01/2015 - 02/2000)|
|6.||Lundborg, Cecilia Stålsby: 5 articles (01/2015 - 01/2002)|
|7.||Turner, Ronald B: 5 articles (09/2010 - 12/2002)|
|8.||Eby, George A: 5 articles (03/2010 - 02/2004)|
|9.||Mao, Bing: 4 articles (11/2015 - 08/2009)|
|10.||Das, Rashmi Ranjan: 4 articles (08/2015 - 06/2011)|
01/01/2013 - "Intake of zinc was associated with a significant reduction in the duration (days) (mean difference (MD) -1.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.72 to -0.34) (P = 0.003) (I(2) statistic = 89%) but not the severity of common cold symptoms (MD -1.06, 95% CI -2.36 to 0.23) (P = 0.11) (I(2) statistic = 84%). "
01/01/2011 - "Intake of zinc is associated with a significant reduction in the duration (standardized mean difference (SMD) -0.97; 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.56 to -0.38) (P = 0.001), and severity of common cold symptoms (SMD -0.39; 95% CI -0.77 to -0.02) (P = 0.04). "
05/01/2003 - "Zinc nasal gel effective for the common cold."
10/01/2000 - "These results provide evidence that zinc nasal gel is effective in shortening the duration of common cold symptoms off when taken within 24 hours of their onset."
06/01/2009 - "Is intranasal zinc effective and safe for the common cold? "
|2.||Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1997 - "However, in four studies with British male schoolchildren and students a statistically highly significant reduction in common cold incidence was found in groups supplemented with vitamin C (pooled RR 0.70; 95% CI 0.60, 0.81). "
01/01/2013 - "Nevertheless, given the consistent effect of vitamin C on the duration and severity of colds in the regular supplementation studies, and the low cost and safety, it may be worthwhile for common cold patients to test on an individual basis whether therapeutic vitamin C is beneficial for them. "
04/01/1995 - "He found that episodes were 0.11 +/- 0.24 (SE) days shorter in the vitamin C groups and concluded that there was no valid evidence to indicate that vitamin C is beneficial in the treatment of the common cold. "
05/01/2009 - "Vitamin C is frequently used for the treatment and prophylaxis of the common cold; however, no published recommendations were found in a review of the nurse practitioner literature that specifically address the efficacy of vitamin C for the common cold. "
02/01/1979 - "Vitamin C: cure for the common cold?"
|3.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
01/01/2000 - "The common cold is caused by viruses which cannot be helped by antibiotics. "
11/01/2015 - "We conducted a study in Brazil to determine the viral aetiologies of common colds in children and to describe the use of antibiotics for these patients. "
01/01/2015 - "The aim of this study was to analyze doctors' attitudes and prescribing practices related to antibiotics in rural areas of Shandong province, focusing on patients with the common cold. "
01/01/2014 - "The study used trained Simulated Patients (SPs), who used a scenario of common cold symptoms at GP private clinics and community pharmacies to observe and explore the practice of antibiotics dispensing. "
01/01/2013 - " receiving antibiotics for the common cold did no better in terms of lack of cure or persistence of symptoms than those on placebo (risk ratio (RR) 0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.59 to 1.51, (random-effects)), based on a pooled analysis of six trials with a total of 1047 participants. "
|4.||gluconic acid (gluconate)FDA LinkGeneric
03/01/1997 - "A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial has shown that treatment of the common cold with zinc gluconate lozenges resulted in a significant reduction in duration of symptoms of the cold. "
02/01/2006 - "Commercial preparations of intranasal zinc gluconate gel are marketed as a remedy for the common cold. "
07/15/1996 - "To test the efficacy of zinc gluconate lozenges in reducing the duration of symptoms caused by the common cold. "
01/01/1987 - "A recently published randomized, controlled, double-blind, study has reported efficacy of zinc gluconate lozenge treatment of the common cold. "
01/01/1999 - "Some studies support the use of zinc gluconate lozenges to treat the common cold, but there are insufficient data at this time to recommend the routine use of these lozenges. "
|5.||Ipratropium (Ipratropium Bromide)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2013 - "The use of intranasal ipratropium bromide (IB) has been addressed in several studies and might prove an effective treatment for the common cold. "
01/01/2011 - "The use of intranasal ipratropium bromide (IB) has been addressed in several studies and might prove an effective treatment for the common cold. "
04/01/1981 - "Ipratropium nasal spray: a new treatment for rhinorrhea in the common cold."
12/01/1992 - "A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the safety and efficacy of ipratropium bromide nasal spray versus placebo in patients with the common cold."
05/01/1995 - "A dose-response study of the efficacy and safety of ipratropium bromide nasal spray in the treatment of the common cold."
|6.||Nasal Decongestants (Decongestants)IBA
01/01/2009 - "To assess the efficacy of nasal decongestants at reducing the symptom of nasal congestion in adults and children with the common cold and to identify possible adverse effects associated with their use. "
01/01/2007 - "To assess the efficacy of nasal decongestants at reducing the symptom of nasal congestion in adults and children with the common cold and to identify possible adverse effects associated with their use. "
01/01/2004 - "To assess the efficacy of nasal decongestants at reducing the symptom of nasal congestion in adults and children with the common cold and to identify possible adverse effects associated with their use. "
01/01/2000 - "To assess the efficacy of nasal decongestants at reducing the symptom of nasal congestion in adults and children with the common cold and to identify possible adverse effects associated with their use. "
01/01/2009 - "Randomised, placebo controlled trials of single-active oral and topical nasal decongestants in adults and children suffering from common cold. "
|7.||Histamine Antagonists (Antihistamines)IBA
04/01/1996 - "To determine if antihistamines provided clinically significant relief from the symptoms of the common cold. "
01/01/2015 - "We selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using antihistamines as monotherapy for the common cold. "
01/01/2009 - "Randomised, placebo-controlled trials on treatment of common cold with antihistamines, used either singly or in combination, in adults or children. "
01/01/2003 - "Randomised, placebo-controlled trials on treatment of common cold with antihistamines, used either singly or in combination, in adults or children. "
01/01/2015 - "To assess the effects of antihistamines on the common cold. "
01/01/2013 - "Three trials in which patient data could be pooled found benefits of steam for symptom relief for the common cold (odds ratio (OR) 0.31; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.16 to 0.60). "
01/01/2011 - "Three trials in which patient data could be pooled found benefits of steam for symptom relief for the common cold (odds ratio (OR) 0.31; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.16 to 0.60). "
08/22/1990 - "A double-blind, randomized study tested the efficacy of steam (technically, heated, humidified air) inhalation in the treatment of common cold symptoms. "
04/13/1994 - "To test the efficacy of steam inhalation in treating common cold symptoms. "
01/01/2013 - "Steam inhalation has not shown any consistent benefits in the treatment of the common cold, hence is not recommended in the routine treatment of common cold symptoms until more double-blind, randomised trials with a standardised treatment modality are conducted."
|9.||Zinc AcetateFDA Link
12/01/2000 - "Are zinc acetate lozenges effective in decreasing the duration of symptoms of the common cold?"
08/15/2000 - "To test the efficacy of zinc acetate lozenges in reducing the duration of symptoms of the common cold. "
01/01/2015 - "The objective of this study was to determine whether zinc acetate lozenges have different effects on the duration of common cold symptoms originating from different anatomical regions. "
01/01/2015 - "The effectiveness of high dose zinc acetate lozenges on various common cold symptoms: a meta-analysis."
05/15/2001 - "Elimination of efficacy by additives in zinc acetate lozenges for common colds."
08/01/2002 - "[An open label multi-center clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of compound pseudoephedrine [corrected] hydrochloride sustained release capsules in patients with nasal symptoms associated with common cold]."
02/01/1999 - "A placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial was carried out to assess the efficacy of pseudoephedrine in relieving nasal congestion in the common cold. "
02/01/1999 - "The effects of oral pseudoephedrine on nasal patency in the common cold: a double-blind single-dose placebo-controlled trial."
01/01/2008 - "Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride (PEH) is a sympathomimetic agent that is widely used in common cold disease in children. "
07/01/2007 - "Clinical trial of 3 days of treatment with oral pseudoephedrine for the common cold in the southern hemisphere."
06/01/2001 - "The methodological quality of 207 randomized trials collected for five previously published systematic reviews on homeopathy, herbal medicine (Hypericum for depression, Echinacea for common cold), and acupuncture (for asthma and chronic headache) was assessed using a validated scale (the Jadad scale) and single quality items. "
02/26/2004 - "[Homeopathy of classical medicine: your prescription for cough, common cold, hoarseness?]."
10/16/1992 - "This was performed for controlled clinical trials on the efficacy of three interventions: homoeopathy, ascorbic acid for common cold, and ginkgo biloba for intermittent claudication and cerebral insufficiency. "
10/16/1992 - "Searches for controlled trials of homoeopathy, ascorbic acid for common cold and ginkgo biloba for cerebral insufficiency and intermittent claudication."
09/17/1994 - "This article gives examples of systematic reviews on vitamin C and the common cold, pyridoxine against the premenstrual syndrome, homeopathy, and physiotherapy."
|2.||Traditional Medicine (Folk Remedies)
04/01/2015 - "In this study we searched known sources of Iranian traditional medicine and collected the ideas of former great scholars and physicians about medicinal plants that are used for treatment of catarrh. "
04/01/2015 - "Catarrh is a condition that is carefully explained in Iranian traditional medicine. "
04/01/2015 - "Pharmacological treatment of catarrh in Iranian traditional medicine."
01/01/2013 - "Tribes in Nubia Mountains regions of Sudan used Monechma ciliatum seeds for common cold and other chest allergic conditions as a traditional medicine. "
01/01/2012 - "Juniperus and Cupressus genera are mainly used as diuretic, stimulant, and antiseptic, for common cold and wound healing in Turkish folk medicine. "
05/31/1936 - "The evidence obtained in the present study that the chemically induced refractory state may persist in a large number of monkeys for a month or two after treatment over a period of 5 days or more, suggests that studies on individuals who are subject to frequent attacks of common cold may perhaps be profitable."
09/01/2011 - "The yearly average times of common cold and acute attack were obviously lower 2 years after treatment than those of the control group 2 years after treatment, Besides, they were lower than those before treatment and 1 year after treatment in the treatment group (P<0.05). "
06/01/1998 - "After treatment, rhinoviruses were cultured more often in the FP treatment group (37% vs 14%, p < 0.001), but this had no effect on the symptoms of common cold. "
10/09/1977 - "A patient with a toxic adenoma, already reduced in size by TSH, presented on the third day after treatment of a common cold by phenylpropanolomine, a severe pain in the thyroid gland. "
03/01/2003 - "After treatment, there was much better improvement in symptom score (2.4 +/- 0.9 vs 3.1 +/- 0.9, P < 0.01), symptomatic days due to rhinitis (4.0 +/- 1.2 d/week vs 1.9 +/- 0.9 d/week, P < 0.001), episode of common cold symptom (0.8 +/- 0.5 time vs 1.1 +/- 0.4 time, P < 0.001), average doses of inhaled beta(2) agonist as rescue medication (2.6 +/- 0.9 puff/week vs 3.7 +/- 0.8 puff/week, P < 0.001) and bronchial responsiveness (P < 0.05) in Loratadine group as compared with the control group. "
|4.||Cryotherapy (Therapy, Cold)
07/01/1992 - "Efficacy of cryotherapy in vernal catarrh."
10/01/1999 - "We briefly review the physiology of cold exposure, the spectrum and prevention of common cold-induced injuries (especially in athletes participating in outdoor sports), and the potentially harmful side effects of localized cryotherapy. "
01/01/1999 - "The scientific basis for zinc treatment of the common cold is debatable, and clinical trials of zinc cold therapy have produced conflicting results. "
10/01/2011 - "Using the common cold as a tracer condition, we explored the reasons for over-prescription of injections and infusions in Guizhou, China. "
10/13/1894 - "On Intratympanic Injections in the Treatment of Chronic Dry Catarrh of the Middle Ear."
11/01/2009 - "Third, Chinese herbal injections should be used only in cases involving severe disease or to rescue patients in critical condition; they should not be used to treat mild, relatively innocuous diseases, such as common colds and upper respiratory tract infections, given the risk of doing harm. "
11/01/2009 - "Comments on serious anaphylaxis caused by nine Chinese herbal injections used to treat common colds and upper respiratory tract infections."
07/01/2002 - "Antibiotics and injections were frequently prescribed for mild common colds in Korea. "