|1.||Isayama, Hiroyuki: 9 articles (01/2014 - 03/2002)|
|2.||Tada, Minoru: 9 articles (01/2014 - 03/2002)|
|3.||Hirano, Kenji: 8 articles (01/2014 - 11/2005)|
|4.||Nakai, Yousuke: 8 articles (01/2014 - 11/2005)|
|5.||Sasaki, Takashi: 7 articles (01/2014 - 09/2006)|
|6.||Kawabe, Takao: 7 articles (04/2009 - 03/2002)|
|7.||Omata, Masao: 7 articles (04/2009 - 03/2002)|
|8.||Tsujino, Takeshi: 7 articles (04/2009 - 03/2002)|
|9.||Nagino, Masato: 6 articles (03/2015 - 01/2007)|
|10.||Togawa, Osamu: 6 articles (01/2014 - 09/2006)|
01/01/2007 - "[Assessment of the efficacy of mebeverine in the complex therapy of chronic noncalculolis cholecystitis and biliary dysfunction]."
01/01/2010 - "Supplementation of duspatalin to the combined therapy in the patients with chronic cholecystitis shown to exert a pronounced therapeutic effect. "
01/01/2009 - "Supplementation of duspatalin to the combined therapy in the patients with chronic cholecystitis shown to exert a pronounced therapeutic effect. "
01/01/2010 - "The therapeutic efficacy of duspatalin was evaluated in 72 patients with chronic cholecystitis and dyskinesia of the biliary tract (BT). "
01/01/2009 - "The therapeutic efficacy of duspatalin was evaluated in 69 patients with chronic cholecystitis and dyskinesia of the biliary tract (BT). "
|2.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
01/01/2014 - "We treated the cholecystitis using antibiotics, and his symptoms improved. "
04/01/2008 - "She was diagnosed as a case of calculous cholecystitis and was treated with antibiotics but was not relieved. "
03/01/2015 - "And this cholecystitis can be treated with antibiotics without operation. "
11/01/2014 - "An 82-year-old woman was previously diagnosed with cholecystitis and treated with antibiotics at another hospital. "
01/01/2014 - "He was treated for cholecystitis with intravenous antibiotics. "
02/01/2011 - "The CCK HIDA scan is a useful study in the investigation of acalcalous cholecystitis; however, we would suggest that recreation of symptoms following CCK provocation is superior to EF for the identification of underlying chronic cholecystitis. "
04/01/2010 - "In the course of performing HIDA studies, several incidental findings suggesting chronic cholecystitis may be encountered. "
10/01/2012 - "18FDG-PET-CT appears to be a promising, rapid, direct, and accurate test in diagnosing cholecystitis and could replace HIDA scan in cases that remain equivocal after ultrasound."
01/01/2012 - "The CT scan was read as suggestive of cholecystitis, however a hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HIDA) scan was ordered for confirmation, as the patient was a poor operative candidate. "
09/01/2011 - "Cholecystitis and HIDA scan."
09/01/1997 - "Revealed in patients at a mature age presenting with exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis were greater extent of LPO, rise in activity of GS enzymes, decline in SOD activity. "
11/01/1995 - "Haemophilus parainfluenzae was isolated from a bile specimen of a 56-year-old patient with elevated liver enzymes and chronic cholecystitis. "
01/01/1991 - "Activation of these enzymes in B-bile in cholecystitis and in B- and C-bile--in cholecystocholangitis enabled to perform topical diagnosis. "
12/01/1980 - "[Diagnostic value of studying hepatospecific enzymes in the blood in non-calculous cholecystitis]."
09/01/1979 - "[Activity of blood serum enzymes in various forms of calculous cholecystitis in elderly persons]."
07/01/1986 - "Activation of the enzyme was noted in cholelithiasis, while the maximal level of alkaline phosphatase activity was detected in patients with chronic cholecystitis. "
01/01/1984 - "The leukocyte alkaline phosphatase was determined in 101 patients with acute and chronic exacerbated cholecystitis, complicated and non-complicated cholelithiasis. "
01/01/1984 - "[Leukocyte alkaline phosphatase in acute, chronic and exacerbated cholecystitis complicated and uncomplicated by cholelithiasis]."
01/01/1971 - "Alkaline phosphatase activity in granulocytes of patients with cholecystitis and cholangitis, obstructive jaundice and neoplasms of the liver."
10/01/1996 - "Positive likelihood ratios for dilated common bile duct on ultrasound, hyperbilirubinemia, and jaundice ranged from almost 4 to almost 7. Elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, and hyperamylasemia exhibited positive likelihood ratios of less than 3. This meta-analysis has identified indicators for duct stones and ranked them according to likelihood ratios. "
04/01/1982 - "[Intrahepatic hemodynamics in chronic recurrent cholecystitis measured by the clearance of 198Au colloid]."
11/01/1989 - "The study of the factors relevant to the bile colloid stability in aggravation of calculous or ++non-calculous cholecystitis demonstrated changes in aggregative-kinetic stability of bile presenting with low boundary of the phase transition, electrokinetic potential, mass and growing size of macromolecular compounds. "
|7.||Cefoperazone (Cefoperazone Sodium)FDA Link
11/01/1996 - "In 20 patients treated on account of advanced cholecystitis, inflammations of the biliary pathways and liver a cephalosporin of the third generation, cefoperazone, was administered within the framework of antimicrobial treatment after surgery or after endoscopic intervention. "
01/01/1981 - "In clinical studies in 116 patients with biliary tract infections such as cholecystitis, cholangitis, and liver abscess, cefoperazone was effective in 90 (78%). "
|8.||Loperamide (Imodium)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1986 - "The present study investigates the actions of loperamide on the gallbladder function in experimental cholecystitis. "
06/01/1986 - "Loperamide inhibits gallbladder inflammatory fluid secretion in experimental cholecystitis."
06/01/1986 - "Since loperamide reduces mucosal fluid secretion in experimental cholecystitis without contracting the gallbladder wall, it is suggested that this peripherally acting opiate agonist could be useful in the treatment of patients with acute cholecystitis."
06/01/1986 - "The net fluid secretion in experimental cholecystitis was inhibited by loperamide (1 mg/kg), an effect that was blocked by naloxone (1 mg/kg), suggesting an involvement of specific opiate receptors. "
|10.||Bile Acids and Salts (Bile Acids)IBA
07/01/1993 - "An artificial increase of a pool of bile acids due to administration of dehydrocholic, chenodesoxycholic acid preparations and dry bile in 22 healthy people and 179 patients with chronic cholecystitis has been studied for its effect on regulation of the gallbladder filling on an empty stomach using daily echocholecystometry. "
01/01/1986 - "Serum bile acids were studied in 27 patients with chronic noncalculous cholecystitis. "
01/01/1980 - "The possible role of conjugated bile salts in the induction and mediation of acute aseptic cholecystitis has been assessed. "
05/01/1983 - "[Clinical importance of determining bile acids in the duodenal contents in children with cholecystitis, dyskinesia and developmental anomalies of the biliary tract]."
12/01/1973 - "[Bile acids in patients with cholelithiasis and cholecystitis]."
08/01/2006 - "Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe and effective treatment for calculous cholecystitis in cirrhotic patients. "
01/01/1997 - "Data obtained by us suggests that laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and effective for the treatment of cholecystitis, and this technique can be introduced safely in a district general hospital in Saudi Arabia."
10/01/1995 - "The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of immediate laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the management of acute calculous cholecystitis. "
04/01/2002 - "To evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in acute and chronic cholecystitis and compare it with the open procedure. "
06/01/2015 - "So far, there is new level 1b evidence brought forth by the so-called 'ACDC' study which has convincingly shown in a prospective randomized setting that immediate laparoscopic cholecystectomy - within a time frame of 24 h after hospital admission - is the smartest approach in ASA I-III patients suffering from acute calculous cholecystitis compared to a more conservative approach with a delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy after an initial antibiotic treatment in terms of morbidity, length of hospital stay, and overall treatment costs. "
07/01/1976 - "On the basis of this analysis and the good results, I have concluded that cholecystectomy is the preferred therapy for cholecystitis at all stages when all coexisting diseases and water and elctrolyte imbalances have been treated."
11/01/2015 - "The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of cholecystectomy in moderate and severe acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC) at our institution. "
01/01/1994 - "[The efficacy of different types of cholecystectomy for chronic cholecystitis]."
10/01/1992 - "Traditionally open cholecystectomy has been considered the gold standard procedure for symptomatic cholecystitis. "
12/01/1987 - "The incidence of postoperative cholecystitis, the technical difficulty of reoperation, the unnecessary expense and exposure to a second hospitalization and a second operation are all completely eliminated when routine cholecystectomy is performed in concert with elective bariatric procedures."
01/25/2014 - "Percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is an effective treatment for cholecystitis in high-risk surgical patients. "
09/01/2008 - "Percutaneous cholecystostomy is a safe and promising treatment for acute calculous cholecystitis in patients who are at high risk for emergency surgery. "
10/01/1990 - "In our opinion, percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy is a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of elderly patients with acute complicated cholecystitis. "
07/01/2015 - "The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of percutaneous cholecystostomy and its relationship to clinical outcomes in patients with inoperable acute severe cholecystitis.From"
05/01/2005 - "This study illustrates the continued challenge to identify bacterial cholecystitis among patients referred for percutaneous cholecystostomy."
|4.||Lithotripsy (Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy)
10/01/1991 - "A total of 72 lithotripsy sessions were performed on 37 patients, in 2 of them who suffered from chronic calculous cholecystitis the procedure was conducted on the day before the operation. "
01/01/1991 - "These therapeutic results are promising and evidence extracorporeal lithotripsy efficiency in acute obstructive cholecystitis."
01/01/1991 - "[Extracorporeal lithotripsy in acute obstructive cholecystitis]."
08/01/2009 - "Here, we describe a severe cholecystitis patient who was treated successfully with percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder scopic lithotripsy by laser. "
02/01/2015 - "In multivariate analysis, cholecystitis (OR 1.908, 95 % CI 1.390-6.388, p = 0.005), mechanical lithotripsy (OR 6.129, 95 % CI 1.867-20.123, p < 0.005), and two or more choledocholithiases (OR 2.202, 95 % CI 1.097-4.420, p = 0.026) revealed significant risk factors for conversion to open cholecystectomy. "
09/16/2012 - "Two patients (7%) developed cholecystitis, stents dislocated/migrated in other two patients (7%), and in one patient (3.6%) stent occlusion was documented during the study period. "
12/01/2015 - "Percutaneous Placement of Permanent Metallic Stents in the Cystic Duct to Treat Obstructive Cholecystitis."
01/01/2014 - "Metallic stent with high axial force as a risk factor for cholecystitis in distal malignant biliary obstruction."
01/01/2012 - "The Successful Treatment of Chronic Cholecystitis with SpyGlass Cholangioscopy-Assisted Gallbladder Drainage and Irrigation through Self-Expandable Metal Stents."
04/28/2009 - "We present successful chemical ablation of the gallbladder using pure alcohol, through a percutaneous gallbladder drainage tube, in a patient who developed intractable cholecystitis with obstruction of the cystic duct after receiving a biliary stent. "