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Chilblains

Recurrent localized itching, swelling and painful erythema on the fingers, toes or ears, produced by exposure to cold. It is also called pernio.
Also Known As:
Chilblain
Networked: 58 relevant articles (3 outcomes, 5 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Intracranial Hemorrhages (Intracranial Hemorrhage)
2. Oculocutaneous Albinism (Albinism, Yellow Mutant)
3. Purpura
4. Raynaud Disease (Raynaud's Disease)
5. Oral Ulcer (Mouth Ulcer)

Experts

1. Crow, Yanick J: 3 articles (02/2015 - 10/2009)
2. Szynkiewicz, Marcin: 2 articles (02/2015 - 08/2010)
3. Ramesh, Venkateswaran: 2 articles (02/2015 - 08/2010)
4. Abdel-Hamid, Mohamed S: 2 articles (02/2015 - 08/2013)
5. Zaki, Maha S: 2 articles (02/2015 - 08/2013)
6. Prendiville, Julie S: 2 articles (02/2015 - 10/2009)
7. Rice, Gillian I: 2 articles (02/2015 - 08/2010)
8. Livingston, John H: 2 articles (02/2015 - 08/2010)
9. Raza, Naeem: 2 articles (03/2010 - 04/2008)
10. Verma, Prashant: 1 article (05/2015)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Chilblains:
1. Nifedipine (Adalat)FDA LinkGeneric
2. Diltiazem (Cardizem)FDA LinkGeneric
3. PerniosisIBA
4. Retinaldehyde (Retinal)IBA
5. Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)FDA Link
6. AutoantibodiesIBA
7. Neonatal Systemic lupus erythematosusIBA
8. Vitamin KFDA Link
9. Chilblain lupusIBA
10. Moxisylyte (Thymoxamine)IBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Massage (Reflexology)
2. Oral Administration
3. Therapeutics
4. Phototherapy (Light Therapy)
5. Occlusive Dressings (Occlusive Dressing)