|2.||Congenital Abnormalities (Deformity)
|3.||Hallux Valgus (Bunion)
|1.||Jia, Li: 5 articles (04/2009 - 06/2007)|
|2.||Hoffman, P C: 2 articles (09/2009 - 12/2008)|
|3.||Liu, Yaling: 2 articles (04/2009 - 06/2007)|
|4.||Chen, Deping: 2 articles (02/2009 - 03/2008)|
|5.||Wang, Shujuan: 2 articles (02/2009 - 03/2008)|
|6.||Xing, Da: 2 articles (03/2008 - 06/2007)|
|7.||Woodburn, J: 2 articles (02/2005 - 06/2000)|
|8.||Helliwell, P S: 2 articles (02/2005 - 06/2000)|
|9.||Mendoza, Sandra: 1 article (06/2015)|
|10.||Reynoso-Camacho, Rosalía: 1 article (06/2015)|
|1.||Salicylic Acid (2 Hydroxybenzoic Acid)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2013 - "This study compared 'usual' treatment (enucleation with a scalpel) with the application of 40% salicylic acid plasters to corns to investigate which is the most effective in terms of clinical, economic and patient-centred outcomes. "
09/01/2008 - "Salicylic acid (SA) is commonly used to remove the hyperkeratotic tissue of corns, calluses, and verrucae, and it may disrupt intercellular adhesion structures; however, its exact mechanism of keratolytic action is poorly defined. "
01/01/2013 - "The effectiveness of salicylic acid plasters compared with 'usual' scalpel debridement of corns: a randomised controlled trial."
09/01/2011 - "Application of creams with high concentrations of urea or salicylic acid can also soften callosities. "
|2.||amphetaminil (AN 1)IBA
05/02/2007 - "When the percentage of large corns is high, this should give extract with improved fermentability (yield of fermentable sugars). "
03/25/2015 - "Results highlighted that MON 88017 and MON 89034 sweet corns were compositionally equivalent to the conventional control and that levels of the components essential to the desired properties of sweet corn, such as sugars and vitamins, were more affected by growing environment than the biotech traits. "
12/01/2014 - "The seeds contained 83.5% carbohydrates including 48.1% crude starch on a dry weight basis, which is comparable to cereals such as wheat flour and corns. "
|4.||Bleomycin (Blenoxane)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1999 - "The objectives of this study were to determine the range of variation in the rate and extent of in situ ruminal starch degradation of 14 corns differing in vitreousness and to predict ruminal starch degradability by physical characteristics of corn grains. "
09/01/2009 - "In agreement with laboratory and in situ measurements, total-tract starch digestibility was 6.3 percentage units greater, on average, for cows fed diets containing floury and opaque endosperm corns than vitreous corn. "
09/01/2009 - "Dry matter and starch disappearances after 8-h ruminal in situ incubations were, on average, 24 and 32 percentage units greater, respectively, for floury and opaque endosperm corns than for vitreous corn. "
09/01/2009 - "Degree of starch access and in vitro ruminal starch digestibility measurements were 32 and 42% greater on average, respectively, for floury and opaque endosperm corns than for vitreous corn. "
12/01/2008 - "Compared with floury or high-moisture corns, dry corn with a greater percentage of vitreous endosperm has been demonstrated to be negatively related to starch digestibility and milk yield of lactating dairy cows. "
01/01/2013 - "Secondary outcome measures measured at baseline and 16 weeks will include the function subscale of the FHSQ, the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index, the number of DVA podiatry treatments required during the study period, general health-related quality of life (using the Short Form 12® Version 2.0), the number of falls experienced during the follow-up period, the Timed Up and Go test, the presence of hyperkeratotic lesions (corns and calluses), the number of participants using co-interventions to relieve foot pain, and participants' perception of overall treatment effect. "
04/01/2007 - "The results showed that the transgenic corn accumulated less heavy metals (Ni, Cu, Cd, As, Cr, Zn and Hg) than their own parents; and the contents of some heavy metals (V, Co and Pb) in transgenic corns were similar to their parents. "
|10.||Caseins (Casein)FDA Link
01/01/2000 - "It seems that transverse distal metatarsal osteotomy is an effective treatment of intractable plantar callosities. "
01/01/2000 - "Study of straight metatarsal osteotomy for the treatment of plantar callosities."
11/01/2009 - "Between September 2004 and June 2007, 31 patients (40 feet) underwent proximal chevron first metatarsal osteotomy with a distal soft tissue procedure, with preoperatively painful plantar callosities under lesser metatarsal heads. "
09/01/2001 - "A biplanar technique can be employed with a distal chevron osteotomy to improve plantar callosity symptoms. "
01/01/2000 - "Twenty-five plantar callosities were treated in 19 feet of 13 patients (mean age 48 years, 5 male, 8 female) with transverse distal metatarsal osteotomy. "
05/01/2015 - "Seven callosities on resection side and four on arthrodesis side were observed. "
03/01/1997 - "Callosities were more common after arthrodesis. "
02/01/2009 - "All patients had a stable painless aligned great toe, with <10 degrees valgus, <20 degrees dorsiflexion and neutral rotation after arthrodesis, evidenced by improvement in pain, cosmesis, functional activity, footwear, callosities and hygiene, as well as by significant improvement in the measures of the MTP and the intermetatarsal angles (IMA) by postoperative radiographs. "
01/01/2009 - "Arthrodesis of all five MTPJs for the surgical treatment of the painful rheumatoid forefoot deformity with chronic plantar callosities and dislocated digits has yet to be reported in the scientific literature. "
01/01/2013 - "A parallel-group randomised controlled trial was carried out in two centres where adults who presented with one or more corns and who met the inclusion criteria were allocated to either 'usual' scalpel debridement or corn plaster treatment. "
02/01/2015 - "Changes in the parameters of gait after a mechanical debridement of a plantar callosities."
05/01/2013 - "The long-term effects of sharp scalpel debridement of painful forefoot plantar callosities in people with RA, when used in conjunction with a combined therapeutic approach, produced no additional benefit over the combined therapeutic approach alone. "
05/01/2013 - "Sixty-five people with RA were randomised to receive regular sharp scalpel debridement of painful forefoot plantar callosities in conjunction with a combined therapeutic approach or a combined therapeutic approach alone. "
01/01/1997 - "All three groups initially had debridement of their submetatarsal callosities. "
|5.||Orthotic Devices (Orthosis)
09/01/2011 - "Corns and calluses are similarly best prevented by the use of well fitted skates and orthotic devices. "
11/01/2001 - "Before the study, one-fifth of the police officers in this study experienced foot pain or discomfort at the end of their workday; 15% had calluses, corns, or athlete's foot; 18% had sought treatment for a foot problem in the past; and 20% had worn foot orthoses. "