|1.||Green, S: 5 articles (01/2008 - 01/2003)|
|2.||Buchbinder, R: 5 articles (01/2008 - 01/2003)|
|3.||Blaine, Theodore A: 4 articles (11/2011 - 01/2005)|
|4.||Millett, Peter J: 3 articles (10/2015 - 12/2007)|
|5.||Bunker, T D: 3 articles (01/2014 - 07/2000)|
|6.||Buchbinder, Rachelle: 3 articles (01/2014 - 11/2007)|
|7.||Ma, Hsiao-Li: 3 articles (04/2013 - 06/2007)|
|8.||Huang, Tung-Fu: 3 articles (04/2013 - 06/2007)|
|9.||Kim, Yang-Soo: 3 articles (02/2013 - 01/2005)|
|10.||Canoso, Juan J: 3 articles (12/2012 - 08/2004)|
|1.||Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronan)IBA
01/01/1998 - "To determine the efficacy of a combined treatment--namely hyaluronan and corticosteroid injection plus physical exercises in the management of established idiopathic capsulitis of the shoulder--30 consecutive subjects with adhesive capsulitis were selected for the study. "
01/01/2015 - "Effectiveness of hyaluronic acid administration in treating adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials."
04/01/2014 - "Changes of synovial fluid protein concentrations in supra-patellar bursitis patients after the injection of different molecular weights of hyaluronic acid."
11/01/2013 - "Ultrasound-guided capsular distension in adhesive capsulitis: the hyaluronic acid or the local anesthetic?"
02/01/2013 - "Treatment effects of ultrasound-guided capsular distension with hyaluronic acid in adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder."
|2.||Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
06/01/1993 - "Ischiogluteal bursitis is an easily diagnosed condition that can be effectively treated with local injection of corticosteroids. "
05/01/2013 - "Intra-articular corticosteroid injection is a commonly used therapy for adhesive capsulitis, but there are only few studies that compare the efficacy of corticosteroids according to different doses. "
05/01/2013 - "Optimal dose of intra-articular corticosteroids for adhesive capsulitis: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial."
03/01/2003 - "Intraarticular corticosteroids, supervised physiotherapy, or a combination of the two in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a placebo-controlled trial."
09/01/2015 - "Frozen shoulder and corticosteroids--still a need for needles?"
|3.||Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents (NSAIDs)IBA
02/01/2013 - "The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of glenohumeral injection of Glucocorticoid with NSAIDs in frozen shoulder of diabetic patients. "
01/01/2011 - "The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of supervised physiotherapy supplemented with non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treating adhesive capsulitis. "
01/01/2011 - "Supervised physiotherapy supplemented with NSAIDs improves the ROM values in most of patients with adhesive capsulitis. "
08/01/2006 - "These results provide biologic evidence for the use of steroid and NSAIDs in the treatment of subacromial bursitis. "
09/01/2004 - "Conservative treatment (physical therapy and NSAIDs) is a good long-term treatment regimen for idiopathic adhesive capsulitis."
|4.||celecoxib (Celebrex)FDA Link
08/01/2004 - "Celecoxib effectively treats patients with acute shoulder tendinitis/bursitis."
08/01/2004 - "We investigated the efficacy of celecoxib in managing patients with acute shoulder tendinitis/bursitis. "
01/01/2014 - "The results confirm that celecoxib is comparable to loxoprofen in terms of analgesic efficacy in patients with frozen shoulder. "
01/01/2014 - "This is a randomized comparative study of the efficacy of celecoxib and loxoprofen in patients with frozen shoulder (scapulohumeral periarthritis). "
08/01/2004 - "In this double blind, placebo controlled, parallel group study, patients with acute onset shoulder tendinitis and/or subacromial bursitis were randomized to receive one of: celecoxib 400 mg followed by 200 mg bid, naproxen 500 mg bid, or placebo bid for 14 days. "
07/01/2005 - "The MRI studies and case histories of all patients reported to have pes anserine bursitis were reviewed. "
08/01/2015 - "Ultrasonography showed a reduction of the hypoechoic area related to anserine bursitis only in group A. "
03/01/2015 - "Pes anserine bursitis was observed in one out of every five symptomatic OA patients and was more common in female patients and with advanced age. "
04/01/2008 - "Pes anserine bursitis."
11/01/2007 - "Acute pes anserine bursitis."
|6.||Prednisolone (Predate)FDA LinkGeneric
08/01/1986 - "A controlled study of oral prednisolone in frozen shoulder."
08/01/2005 - "Short course prednisolone for adhesive capsulitis."
11/01/2004 - "A three week course of 30 mg prednisolone daily is of significant short term benefit in adhesive capsulitis but benefits are not maintained beyond six weeks."
08/01/1986 - "Forty patients with frozen shoulder were randomly allocated to a treated group who received oral prednisolone or a nontreatment group who received no specific therapy. "
11/01/2004 - "To determine whether a short course of prednisolone is superior to placebo for improving pain, function, and range of motion in adhesive capsulitis. "
|7.||Lidocaine (Xylocaine)FDA LinkGeneric
07/01/2015 - "To validate the usefulness of subacromial bursa lidocaine for determination of the therapeutic steroid injection site in patients with adhesive capsulitis Ninety-two patients with adhesive capsulitis were randomly divided into the LC (lidocaine test) group (n = 46), in which LC injection was performed at the subacromial bursa prior to therapeutic steroid injection, and GH (glenohumeral) group (n = 46), in which the steroid was injected into the GH. "
07/01/2015 - "Determination of steroid injection sites using lidocaine test in adhesive capsulitis: A prospective randomized clinical trial."
01/01/2015 - "Patients with a frozen shoulder were randomized into the physiotherapy group or the lidocaine injection plus physiotherapy (INJPT) group. "
01/01/2015 - "Addition of lidocaine injection immediately before physiotherapy for frozen shoulder: a randomized controlled trial."
01/01/2015 - "Correction: Addition of lidocaine injection immediately before physiotherapy for frozen shoulder: a randomized controlled trial."
|8.||Triamcinolone (Aristocort)FDA Link
12/01/2015 - "Between 2008 and 2011 30 patients with idiopathic frozen shoulder underwent MUA, 15 of them received an additional injection of triamcinolone and bupivacain. "
10/01/2015 - "To evaluate responsiveness, assessments were performed at baseline with 4-week intervals in 23 subjects with adhesive capsulitis who were administered triamcinolone injection into the glenohumeral joint. "
04/01/2005 - "Eighty patients with adhesive capsulitis of less than 6 months duration were randomized to one of four groups: Group A, injection of triamcinolone 20 mg and eight sessions of standardized physiotherapy; Group B, injection of triamcinolone 20 mg alone; Group C, placebo injection and eight sessions of standardized physiotherapy; or Group D, placebo injection alone. "
04/01/2005 - "To assess the effectiveness of intra-articular triamcinolone injection and physiotherapy singly or combined in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. "
05/01/1993 - "January 1990 through December 1991, forty-five patients with adhesive capsulitis were studied with shoulder arthrography; 19 patients with primary adhesive capsulitis underwent forceful distension with lidocain and contrast medium and the intraarticular injection of 40 mg of triamcinolone enantate to eliminate local adhesions. "
|9.||Triamcinolone Acetonide (Azmacort)FDA LinkGeneric
05/01/1971 - "Triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of bursitis and other foot disorders."
05/01/2013 - "Randomized controlled clinical trial; Level of evidence, 1. Participants (n = 53) with primary adhesive capsulitis in the freezing stage were randomly assigned to receive ultrasound-guided intra-articular injections with 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide (high-dose group, n = 20), 20 mg triamcinolone acetonide (low-dose group, n = 20), or placebo (n = 13). "
06/01/1998 - "The study shows that in the treatment of frozen shoulder greater symptom relief is obtained with a dose of 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide intra-articularly than with a dose of 10 mg. The effect on pain and sleep disturbance was more marked than on ROM. "
09/15/1986 - "Subcutaneous atrophy developed in a 36-year-old woman at the site of a triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog) injection for subdeltoid bursitis. "
05/01/2007 - "Triamcinolone acetonide is significantly improved diabetic frozen shoulder in comparison to methylprednisolone acetate (69% versus 39%). "
10/01/2010 - "The purpose of the present study was the prospective evaluation of the results of fluoroscopic-guided intra-articular cortisone injection series in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. "
12/01/2015 - "We aimed to demonstrate the efficiency of manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA) in patients with primary frozen shoulder and to contrast the outcome of single MUA with the results of MUA with an additional subacromial injection of cortisone. "
12/01/2015 - "[Management of Idiopathic Frozen Shoulder - Prospective Evaluation of Mobilisation under Anaesthesia and an Additional Subacromial Cortisone Injection]."
05/01/1953 - "Cortisone in the treatment of bursitis."
04/01/1952 - "Cortisone (cortone) in the treatment of acute subdeltoid bursitis."
10/01/2011 - "However, the low accuracy of GH joint injections and the improvement of symptoms after subacromial (SA) steroid injections led us to design a study that compares the efficacy of a steroid injection for primary frozen shoulder according to the injection site. "
08/01/2007 - "To assess the efficacy of treating adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder with multiple corticosteroid injections. "
10/01/2006 - "to evaluate the efficacy of capsular distension combined with intraarticular glucocorticoid injections and immediate physical therapy in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis. "
12/01/2015 - "Studies were included trials comparing USG versus LSG injections for the treatment of adults with subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis. "
12/01/2014 - "Study criteria were limited to clinical trials, prospective studies, and retrospective studies that specifically evaluated intra-articular corticosteroid injections, both alone and in combination with other treatment modalities, for shoulder adhesive capsulitis. "
10/01/2014 - "Patients treated with intra-articular injection of hyaluronate and corticosteroid for idiopathic adhesive capsulitis showed significant improvement in early clinical scores and range of motion without significant differences between groups. "
10/01/2010 - "Good results after fluoroscopic-guided intra-articular injections in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder."
12/01/2009 - "Randomized controlled trial for efficacy of intra-articular injection for adhesive capsulitis: ultrasonography-guided versus blind technique. "
12/01/2009 - "Randomized controlled trial for efficacy of intra-articular injection for adhesive capsulitis: ultrasonography-guided versus blind technique."
10/01/2014 - "The goal of this study was to prospectively compare the early clinical results of intra-articular injection of hyaluronate or corticosteroid in patients with idiopathic adhesive capsulitis. "
|3.||Joint Capsule Release
05/01/2010 - "Arthroscopic capsular release significantly improved the range of motion and function in idiopathic and posttraumatic frozen shoulder."
03/01/2010 - "The results of arthroscopic capsular release for frozen shoulder in diabetic patients had less good results in terms of range of motion and Constant-Score. "
01/01/2009 - "We have shown an overall rapid significant improvement following arthroscopic capsular release for primary and secondary frozen shoulder. "
01/01/2005 - "Patients with frozen shoulder unresponsive to conservative treatment can be effectively treated with arthroscopic selective capsular release and manipulation."
01/01/2015 - "1. Arthroscopic capsular release is an effective and safe method for the treatment of refractory frozen shoulder. "
|4.||Nerve Block (Nerve Blocks)
10/01/2015 - "The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of suprascapular nerve block plus physical therapy (PT) with PT alone for the treatment of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. "
01/01/1999 - "Suprascapular nerve block for the treatment of frozen shoulder in primary care: a randomized trial."
10/01/2015 - "Addition of Suprascapular Nerve Block to a Physical Therapy Program Produces an Extra Benefit to Adhesive Capsulitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial."
03/01/2013 - "Continuous interscalene nerve block following adhesive capsulitis manipulation."
01/01/2012 - "Suprascapular nerve block for the treatment of frozen shoulder."
|5.||Musculoskeletal Manipulations (Manipulative Therapy)
09/01/2012 - "Frozen shoulder treatment according to the FDM is an effective modality with swift onset of action and acceptable side effects that is superior to conventional manual therapy. "
01/01/2012 - "Manual therapy is an effective treatment for frozen shoulder in diabetics: an observational study."
12/01/2013 - "In this case, the 55-year-old female patient presenting with probable stage 3 adhesive capsulitis, responded well to manual therapy and has been able to return to functional activities and maintain them with a home program. "
01/01/2014 - "We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomised trials, including adults with adhesive capsulitis, and comparing any manual therapy or exercise intervention versus placebo, no intervention, a different type of manual therapy or exercise or any other intervention. "
06/01/2012 - "Comments on the article by Jing-lan Yang et al. "Effectiveness of the end-range mobilization and scapular mobilization approach in a subgroup of subjects with frozen shoulder syndrome: a randomized control trial", Manual Therapy 2012; 17 (1): 47-52."