|1.||Asthma (Bronchial Asthma)
|2.||Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
|4.||Lung Diseases (Lung Disease)
|5.||Respiratory Sounds (Crackle)
|1.||Alagarsamy, V: 8 articles (02/2013 - 09/2006)|
|2.||Park, Choon-Sik: 8 articles (11/2012 - 01/2010)|
|3.||Habre, Walid: 6 articles (06/2013 - 07/2006)|
|4.||Rowe, B H: 6 articles (01/2006 - 01/2000)|
|5.||Kim, Jeong-Hyun: 5 articles (11/2012 - 08/2011)|
|6.||Park, Byung-Lae: 5 articles (11/2012 - 08/2011)|
|7.||Cheong, Hyun Sub: 5 articles (11/2012 - 08/2011)|
|8.||Bae, Joon Seol: 5 articles (11/2012 - 08/2011)|
|9.||Jang, An-Soo: 5 articles (11/2012 - 08/2011)|
|10.||Shin, Hyoung Doo: 5 articles (11/2012 - 08/2011)|
|1.||Histamine (Histamine Dihydrochloride)FDA Link
04/01/2008 - "sapida (75 mg/kg, p.o., for 7 days) showed significant protection against histamine aerosol induced bronchospasm. "
01/01/2008 - "All the test compounds exhibited good protection against histamine-induced bronchospasm. "
01/01/1988 - "However, histamine H1-antagonists produce significant protection against bronchospasms which are induced experimentally by a variety of conditions in asthmatic patients. "
12/01/1982 - "A greater loss of protection against histamine-induced bronchospasm was seen in asthmatics than in normals (approximately twofold), although the difference was not significant. "
01/01/1966 - "[Studies with experimental bronchospasm (histamine provocation test) for determination of the efficacy of an antihistaminic]."
|2.||Albuterol (Salbutamol)FDA LinkGeneric
08/01/1995 - "Albuterol later became the prototype selective beta 2-agonist--well tolerated and highly effective in controlling bronchospasm. "
11/01/2009 - "Children with a recent RTI who received salbutamol demonstrated a significantly reduced incidence of perioperative bronchospasm (5.5% vs 11%, P = 0.0270) and severe coughing (5.5% vs 11.5%, P = 0.0314) compared with children who had an RTI but did not receive salbutamol. "
08/01/2012 - "Delivery of albuterol through an anti-static chamber provides a clinically relevant improvement in bronchodilator response during acute, reversible bronchospasm such as nocturnal bronchospasm."
11/01/2009 - "salbutamol) is effective in preventing increases in total respiratory resistance and in decreasing the incidence of perioperative bronchospasm in asthmatic children. "
03/01/2003 - "The protective effects of SPFF and salbutamol on bronchospasm induced by bronchoconstrictor aerosol in guinea pigs in vivo were investigated, and the Konzett and Rössler experiment in rabbits in vivo was also carried out. "
|3.||Methacholine Chloride (Methacholine)FDA Link
03/01/1996 - "On the whole, this phenomenon shows that pharmacological treatment accelerates the process of spontaneous resolution of the bronchial spasm induced by methacholine which, in our experience, beings to show after 15 minutes, and that after 60 minutes, there are no statistically significant differences in the four groups. "
12/01/1977 - "Saline and simulated acupuncture did not result in any significant improvement in specific airway conductance (SGaw), thoracic gas volume (Vtg) or forced expiratory flow rates compared with no treatment following methacholine-induced bronchospasm. "
03/01/1997 - "[Study of spontaneous resolution of bronchial spasm after methacholine challenge. "
01/01/2003 - "An improved porcine model of stable methacholine-induced bronchospasm."
03/01/2005 - "The objective of the present study was to assess whether a pretreatment with IB may influence the subsequent phase of methacholine-induced bronchospasm relief. "
|4.||Aminophylline (Carine)FDA LinkGeneric
05/01/1989 - "Aminophylline will be continued to be used acutely even though it appears there is no improvement in bronchospasm in the first few hours of treatment when aminophylline is added to therapy. "
01/01/1984 - "This study was undertaken to evaluate a method of prospectively estimating appropriate aminophylline infusion rates in acutely ill, hospitalized patients with bronchospasm. "
06/01/2008 - "Aminophylline is usually used during anaesthesia to treat bronchospasm but recent findings suggest that it can also be used to shorten recovery time after general anaesthesia. "
08/01/2007 - "It is suggested that continuous infusion of aminophylline is well tolerated and may prove useful in improving the gas exchange in long-term mechanically ventilated neonates with refractory bronchospasm."
08/01/2007 - "The aim was to determine the effectiveness of continuous aminophylline infusion on refractory bronchospasm in long-term mechanically ventilated neonates. "
01/26/1993 - "Finally the compound administered orally was effective in reducing antigen-induced bronchospasm in immunologically sensitised animals."
12/01/1992 - "The bronchodilatory activity of these compounds was evaluated on the basis of their protective effects against antigen-induced contraction (the Schultz-Dale reaction) of guinea-pig trachea (in vitro) and antigen inhalation-induced bronchospasm in passively sensitized guinea-pigs (in vivo). "
11/01/1999 - "On antigen-induced bronchospasm, C. "
03/01/1997 - "More importantly, the compound potently inhibited antigen-induced bronchospasm in guinea pigs when given either prophylactically or therapeutically. "
10/30/1992 - "Inhibition of the Schulz-Dale (SD) reaction-induced contraction in trachea and inhibition of antigen inhalation-induced bronchospasm in passively sensitized guinea pigs served as primary in vitro and in vivo assays, respectively. "
|6.||Cromolyn Sodium (Cromoglicic Acid)FDA LinkGeneric
08/01/1980 - "A double-blind controlled trial in 10 subjects with laboratory animal-induced bronchospasm showed that prior use of cromolyn offered considerable or complete protection against both immediate and late bronchospasm in all subjects but one."
01/01/1992 - "The authors share an opinion tha the presence of NCF in part of patients with the late postexercise bronchospasm (treated with Intal) may indicate that its origin is different (not from mastocytes)."
01/01/1992 - "It was shown that after therapy with Intal exerted an effect on the NCF activity not only in the early but also late bronchospasm in comparison with its activity in patients after exercise test but prior to therapy--9/22 and 6/29. "
01/01/1988 - "Although inhaled cromolyn powder and sympathomimetic solutions have attenuated the bronchospasm induced by EHCA, comparison of both drugs in solution has not been performed. "
01/01/1982 - "The protective effect of sodium cromoglycate against the bronchospasm induced by exercise in 10 asthmatic subjects was compared with that of placebo in a single-blind study. "
|7.||Ipratropium (Ipratropium Bromide)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1994 - "Bronchospasm is the predominant cause of symptoms, and maintenance therapy with an inhaled anticholinergic (eg, ipratropium bromide [Atrovent]) is the best approach. "
11/14/1986 - "The results indicate that administration of a single dose of ipratropium 30 to 90 minutes before challenge offers some protection against induced bronchospasm. "
01/01/2015 - "To present the case of a patient with persistent bronchospasm, refractory to treatment with β2-agonists, that resolved promptly with continuous inhalation of large dose (1000 mcg/hr) ipratropium bromide, and to discuss the possibility of tolerance to β2-agonists as the cause for his failure to respond to adrenergic medications. "
07/01/1999 - "Ipratropium in adults with acute bronchospasm."
04/01/1995 - "Ipratropium bromide and intraoperative bronchospasm."
|8.||Metaproterenol (Alupent)FDA LinkGeneric
07/01/1995 - "One patient's pulse rate increased to more than 200 beats/min. Although effective in reversing bronchospasm, the side effects of metaproterenol when used in rapid sequence are of major concern."
09/01/1987 - "The dose-related effects of inhaled 5% metaproterenol solution in asthmatic children between the ages of six and 12 years with acute bronchospasm were evaluated. "
01/01/1987 - "These data show that bronchospasm contributes significantly to the high pulmonary resistance in preterm infants with chronic lung disease and that metaproterenol is beneficial in the therapy of infants with chronic lung disease requiring mechanical ventilation."
01/01/1988 - "In conclusion, metaproterenol is superior to cromolyn in protecting against cold-air-induced bronchospasm."
01/01/1988 - "Inhaled metaproterenol is superior to inhaled cromolyn in protecting against cold-air-induced bronchospasm."
|9.||Epinephrine (Adrenaline)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/2014 - "The most common mistake was to administer epinephrine as the first-line treatment for mild bronchospasm (33% [13/40]). "
01/01/1991 - "The bronchospasm was successfully treated and almost immediately relieved by intratracheal administration of adrenaline solution of 0.5 mg in 1 ml. It is concluded that intratracheal adrenaline is a highly efficient therapeutic agent in relieving bronchospasm."
09/01/2001 - "One had severe bronchospasm improved by epinephrine. "
09/01/2014 - "Inhaled racepinephrine (RE) (Asthmanefrin) became available in September 2012 as a nonprescription treatment for bronchospasm based on a 1986 US Food and Drug Administration rule. "
03/01/2005 - "During maintenance, the PLMA was removed in one patient with airway reflex activation and another required epinephrine for bronchospasm. "
|10.||Acetylcholine (Acetylcholine Chloride)FDA Link
12/12/2013 - "In vivo, acetylcholine (Ach)-induced bronchospasm was conducted in guinea pig while isolated rat tracheal strip was suspended in organ bath to measure the concentration response curve using multichannel data acquisition system. "
01/01/2011 - "The bronchodilator activity of fifteen compounds was determined in vivo by acetylcholine induced bronchospasm in anaesthetized guinea pigs. "
01/01/1993 - "The duration of action in vivo was determined by means of acetylcholine-induced bronchospasms in dogs following inhalation of the drugs. "
01/01/1989 - "Bronchospasm provoked by inhalation of acetylcholine produced an abrupt decrease of the number of periodical ultradian components (or even total disappearance of oscillations) and the development of a rigid hypersynchronic temporal structure on the basis of the hypersynchronized ultradien fluctiations. "
09/01/1983 - "Eleven patients without persistent obstruction 24 h after Dpt exposure were resubmitted to acetylcholine; bronchial reactivity was found increased when compared to the initial acetylcholine-induced bronchospasm.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)"
|1.||Artificial Respiration (Mechanical Ventilation)
06/01/2015 - "The patient had presented 2 previous episodes of severe bronchospasm following abdominal surgery, leading twice to intubation, mechanical ventilation, and conventional sedation. "
11/01/2012 - "Children with severe bronchospasm requiring mechanical ventilation may become refractory to conventional therapy. "
02/01/2011 - "[Airway pressure elevation during mechanical ventilation: beyond considerations of bronchospasm]."
07/01/2007 - "Biologically variable ventilation (mechanical ventilation that emulates healthy variation) and conventional control mode ventilation (monotonously regular) were compared in an animal model of bronchospasm to determine which approach yields better gas exchange and respiratory mechanics. "
11/01/2003 - "In 2.3% of cases, these were severe, such as bronchospasm and need for mechanical ventilation. "
|2.||Nebulizers and Vaporizers (Inhaler)
01/01/2012 - "Severe intraoperative bronchospasm treated with a vibrating-mesh nebulizer."
09/01/2006 - "Although inhalation devices will continue to be the most common delivery systems for airway diseases that cause acute bronchospasm, their proper use can be both complex and diverse. "
05/01/1995 - "The individuation of a 5:1 ratio for the posology of beta 2-agonist drugs administered respectively by nebulizer or as a spray plus a spacer, allows the use of these drugs by the latter way also during an acute attack of bronchospasm. "
05/01/1990 - "Despite the apparent infrequency of inhaler-induced paradoxical bronchospasm, the potentially life-threatening nature of such reactions makes awareness of this possibility essential. "
09/15/1986 - "A randomized clinical crossover trial was carried out to compare the use in the home, during 1-week periods, of two commercially available chamber devices (the Aerochamber and the Spacer) and a standard metered-dose inhaler (MDI) in 24 patients with reversible bronchospasm and satisfactory inhaler technique. "
10/01/1978 - "We studied the effect of abdominal gas compression on plethysmographically determined total lung capacity (TLC) in asthmatic patients before, during, and after treatment of induced bronchospasm. "
05/01/1978 - "Measurement of pulmonary function before and after treatment and before and after exercise disclosed inhibition of exercise-induced asthma in only three of nine children in whom exercise after inhalation of placebo caused bronchospasm."
12/21/1989 - "A 72-year-old woman with bronchospasm and a pleural effusion after treatment of breast carcinoma."
05/01/1997 - "No hypotension, hypothermia, azotemia, hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, arrhythmia, bronchospasm, or peripheral ischemia was noted during or after treatment. "
08/01/1976 - "Preterbutaline and postplacebo exercise resulted in a significant reduction in FEV1.0 and MMEFR, while after treatment with terbutaline not only did bronchospasm not occur but bronchodilation occurred (P less than 0.01). "
01/01/1985 - "Several possibilities of preventing anaphylactoid reactions are given, if one or more of these risk factors are found in the history: a better choice of anaesthetic drugs, in the light of previous anaesthetic protocols, the relief of anxiety by appropriate premedication, antihistamine premedication and the prevention of bronchospasm."
12/01/1995 - "Severe hypersensitivity reactions, such as flushing, chest tightness, dyspnea, or bronchospasm, were improved by corticosteroid-based premedication. "
11/01/2007 - "In all three cases we observed severe dyspnoea and bronchospasm, that required treatment discontinuation but one was probably due to gemcitabine and another had a protracting time after premedication. "
02/01/2004 - "Inhalation of hypertonic or even isotonic saline during sputum induction may cause bronchospasm in susceptible patients with asthma, despite premedication with 400 microg inhaled salbutamol delivered by pressurised metered dose inhaler (pMDI). "
03/01/2015 - "This characteristic reaction with pletoric face coloration, bronchospasm, increase of blood pressure, anxiety and decrease of blood oxygen saturation at the consequence and central cyanosis was regularly present without dependence on type of dialysis membrane, drug premedication or prophylactic flushing haemodialysis system by isotonic natrium chloride solution. "
12/01/1987 - "For one of these two cases, a short-time admission in the resuscitation unit was recommended following a noticeable bronchospasm. "
11/01/2010 - "The most common complications were hypotension (requiring fluid resuscitation and/or inotropic support) and severe bronchospasm with acute hypercarbia. "
09/01/1980 - " In this patient, certain signs such a bradycardia cleared up just a few minutes after resuscitation, while the bronchospasm and peripheral cyanosis only ceased after 2 hours. "
02/01/2008 - "Such intervention by subcutaneous injection aims to modify the underlying cause of allergic rhinitis and can reduce symptoms, but may result in severe bronchospasm and anaphylaxis requiring resuscitation. "
01/01/2010 - "After resuscitation, application of isoflurane through the Anaesthetic Conserving Device (AnaConDa) in the ICU successfully treated bronchospasm, provided adequate sedation, and enabled appropriate ventilation and diagnostic bronchoscopy. "