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Blepharospasm

Excessive winking; tonic or clonic spasm of the orbicularis oculi muscle.
Also Known As:
Blepharospasms
Networked: 573 relevant articles (88 outcomes, 68 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Hemifacial Spasm
2. Torticollis (Wryneck)
3. Dystonia (Limb Dystonia)
4. Dystonic Disorders (Writer's Cramp)
5. Strabismus (Squint)

Experts

1. Jankovic, Joseph: 8 articles (01/2015 - 06/2007)
2. Carruthers, Jean: 5 articles (12/2010 - 01/2003)
3. Carruthers, Alastair: 5 articles (12/2010 - 01/2003)
4. Roggenkämper, Peter: 4 articles (01/2015 - 01/2007)
5. Wabbels, Bettina: 4 articles (09/2014 - 01/2007)
6. Berardelli, A: 4 articles (08/2011 - 08/2007)
7. Ishii, Kenji: 4 articles (01/2011 - 07/2003)
8. Suzuki, Yukihisa: 4 articles (01/2011 - 07/2003)
9. Mochizuki, Manabu: 4 articles (01/2011 - 07/2003)
10. Wakakura, Masato: 4 articles (01/2011 - 07/2007)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Blepharospasm:
1. Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
2. Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
3. onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox)FDA Link
4. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin)FDA LinkGeneric
5. xeominFDA Link
6. abobotulinumtoxinAFDA Link
7. CosmeticsIBA
8. Trihexyphenidyl (Artane)FDA LinkGeneric
9. Tetrabenazine (Nitoman)FDA Link
10. Benign essential blepharospasmIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Injections
2. Electroacupuncture
3. Blepharoplasty
4. Subcutaneous Injections
5. Anesthesia