|1.||Premature Birth (Birth, Premature)
|5.||Retinopathy of Prematurity (Retrolental Fibroplasia)
|1.||van Elburg, Ruurd M: 17 articles (02/2014 - 01/2002)|
|2.||Vaag, Allan: 17 articles (02/2014 - 01/2003)|
|3.||Shankaran, Seetha: 16 articles (08/2015 - 04/2002)|
|4.||Koren, Gideon: 16 articles (04/2013 - 03/2003)|
|5.||Doyle, Lex W: 15 articles (11/2015 - 05/2002)|
|6.||Carlo, Waldemar A: 15 articles (09/2013 - 09/2002)|
|7.||Stoll, Barbara J: 14 articles (08/2015 - 04/2002)|
|8.||Wright, Linda L: 14 articles (12/2011 - 04/2002)|
|9.||Dunger, David B: 14 articles (11/2011 - 08/2003)|
|10.||Tyson, Jon E: 13 articles (01/2015 - 04/2002)|
|1.||Insulin (Novolin)FDA Link
01/01/2012 - "Our data suggests that pregnancy ameliorates the enhanced peripheral insulin sensitivity in growth restricted females and has deleterious effects for hepatic insulin sensitivity, regardless of maternal birth weight."
06/01/2008 - "We investigated insulin sensitivity using the gold standard hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp technique in 10 young adult males born small for gestational age (SGA) who had been treated with GH during childhood (GH) in comparison with 15 males born preterm AGA (premAGA), 13 males born preterm SGA (premSGA), and 15 males born at term with normal birth weight (CON). "
06/01/2012 - "Although studies have shown association of birth weight (BW) and adult body mass index (BMI) with insulin sensitivity in adults, there is limited evidence that BW is associated with insulin secretion. "
04/01/2011 - "The objective of this study was to examine the association of birth weight (BW) with body composition, resting metabolic rate (RMR), nonprotein respiratory quotient (NPRQ), and insulin sensitivity changes after a 12-week diet intervention program. "
01/01/2011 - "Moreover, in combined analyses of the Danish Inter99 study and the Finnish METSIM study we found that the birth weight lowering allele was associated with increased insulin release measured by the insulinogenic index (β = 2.25% [0.59; 3.91], P = 0.008) and with an increased disposition index (β = 1.76% [0.04; 3.49], P = 0.05). "
07/01/1996 - "Other factors associated with improved outcome were a normal cranial ultrasound image or one showing subependymal haemorrhage, female sex, a 5 min Apgar score above 5, low inspired oxygen concentration and higher birth weight. "
02/01/1982 - "Improving survival rates for lower birth weight infants mandate continued surveillance for RLF and study of improved oxygen monitoring techniques."
10/01/1988 - "Female gender, nonwhite race, and increased birth weight were factors associated with improved rates of survival and survival without supplemental oxygen. "
01/01/2009 - "To study the normal levels of oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) in healthy newborns during the first 24 h of life and the possible relationship to birth weight and mode of delivery. "
08/01/2005 - "We performed 2 prospective, randomized, masked clinical trials; 1 trial used a prophylactic strategy aimed at prevention of respiratory distress syndrome (prophylaxis trial) for infants who were born between 23 weeks, 0 days and 29 weeks, 6 days of gestation, and the second trial used a treatment strategy (treatment trial) for intubated infants with a birth weight of 401 to 2000 g who required fractional inspired oxygen of >0.4 to maintain an arterial oxygen saturation of >90% (or an arterial/alveolar oxygen ratio of <0.2) at any time before 36 hours of age. "
08/01/2001 - "This study found a significant reduction in the incidence of ROP during the 9 years of the study period, despite a decrease in mean gestational age of and birth weight. "
11/01/2008 - "There was a significant increase in survival of infants with birth weight <1500 g and/or gestational age <32 weeks together with a significant reduction in the number of infants treated for ROP in the Lothian region of southeast Scotland from 1990 to 2004."
01/01/2004 - "Presented epidemiological data may be helpful in foreseeing the natural history of acute-phase of ROP in population of Polish premature infants with a birth weight under 1500g."
08/01/2014 - "The multicenter Telemedicine Approaches to Evaluating Acute-phase ROP (e-ROP) Study is a cohort study of 2000 infants with birth weights <1251 g. "
01/01/2014 - "Gestational age is a better predictor of ROP than birth weight in the twin-paired study."
|4.||Glucose (Dextrose)FDA LinkGeneric
04/14/1978 - "The extent to which glucose tolerance can be improved by a carbohydrate-reduced diet in pregnant women with latent diabetes was investigated and, furthermore, whether this measure can reduce the incidence of high birth weight in the infants. "
10/01/2010 - "Fingerprint Md15, maternal history of diabetes and birth weight may help to identify specific defects in the control of adult glucose metabolism. "
01/01/2008 - "Continuous glucose monitoring during pregnancy is associated with improved glycaemic control in the third trimester, lower birth weight, and reduced risk of macrosomia. "
01/01/2015 - "The dependent variables assessed in the study were: GDM (was confirmed when two or more values were above the glucose curve using 100 g glucose), complications, mode of delivery and birth weight. "
07/01/2010 - "Data from clinical studies in healthy pregnant women have documented that consuming a low-GI diet during pregnancy reduces peaks in postprandial glucose levels and normalises infant birth weight. "
|5.||Indomethacin (Indometacin)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1984 - "The mean duration of pregnancy and the mean birth weight in indomethacin group (36.4 weeks, 2833 g) were both significantly greater (p less than 0.001) than that in placebo group (31.2 weeks, 2028 g). "
06/01/1999 - "The 440 surviving preterm infants (birth weight 600 to 1,250 g) who had been enrolled in a multicenter, prospectively randomized, controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of postnatal indomethacin to prevent IVH were evaluated with the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale and neurological examinations at 3 years corrected age. "
12/01/2010 - " A total of 296 children born in 1989-1992 with birth weights 600 to <1250 g who participated in the Multicenter Indomethacin IVH Prevention Trial and 95 term controls were evaluated at 16 years. "
03/01/2007 - "Retrospective cohort investigation of 167 ELBW infants who received indomethacin prophylaxis (study) and 167 ELBW infants (control) treated expectantly who were matched by year of birth (1999 to 2006), birth weight, gestational age (GA) and gender. "
01/01/2000 - "Strict selection criteria were applied to clinical trials: the population had to be newborn infants of birth weight < 1751 grams; the intervention had to be prophylactic intravenous indomethacin; the trial had to be randomised and controlled; and at least one of several prespecified outcomes had to be reported in the results. "
|6.||Folic Acid (Vitamin M)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1975 - "The improvement in the birth weights seem to have been brought about by increase in placental size, cell number, and protein content in the folate supplement group. "
01/01/2012 - "Our aims were to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of folate supplementation on birth weight, placental weight and length of gestation and to assess the dose-response relationship between folate intake (folic acid plus dietary folate) and health outcomes. "
09/01/2008 - "The objectives of this study were to evaluate the levels of dietary folate intake during pregnancy in Japanese women and the subsequent birth weight of their babies. "
03/01/1999 - "The purpose of our study was to determine the folate status of pregnant women at labor, and to detect probable relationships with the gestational age at delivery, the birth weight of the newborns, as well as the mode of the delivery, taking into account any changes in the fetal heart rate (FHR) at labor and, subsequently, operative delivery. "
02/01/2016 - "The probable confounders were gender, BMI, fat-free mass, fat mass, mother's BMI, dietary Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) and folate, beginning time of supplementary nutrition, physical activity, and birth weight. "
01/01/2013 - "This study demonstrates that increased iron consumption during pregnancy may improve infant birth weight for mothers who are GSTM1-present, but it might not be beneficial for mothers with the GSTM1-null genotype."
01/01/2013 - "An iron concentration of 4-8 mg/L in infant formulas seems to be safe and effective for normal birth weight infants. "
01/01/2013 - "Daily prenatal use of iron substantially improved birth weight in a linear dose-response fashion, probably leading to a reduction in risk of low birth weight. "
01/01/2013 - "The aim of this study was to determine the relationship among GST gene expression, maternal iron intake during pregnancy, and neonatal birth weight. "
06/01/2012 - "We demonstrate the methods with an example from the Early Life Exposures in Mexico City to Neuro-Toxicants Study of lead exposure, iron metabolism genes, and birth weight."
|8.||Vitamin EFDA LinkGeneric
09/01/1987 - "1. Studies were made on the vitamin E status of the newborn as judged by cord serum vitamin E and erythrocyte haemolysis in vitro in relation to gestational age, birth weight and maternal vitamin E status in subjects belonging to low (LIG)- and high (HIG)-income groups in urban Baroda. "
04/01/1985 - "Within a few days of birth, 914 preterm infants were enrolled in the study; 545 (275 placebo-treated infants, 270 vitamin E-treated infants had birth weight of 1,500 g or less. "
10/01/1980 - "A double-blind randomized trial of vitamin E therapy was conducted in premature infants whose birth weight was less than 1,500 gm. "
12/01/2013 - "To assess vitamin E levels in the breast milk, analyzing the prematurity and the birth weight influence in α-tocopherol concentration of colostrum milk. "
05/01/2005 - "Therefore, it is concluded that consumption of high doses of Vitamin E during the first trimester of pregnancy does not appear to be associated with an increased risk for major malformations, but may be associated with decrease in birth weight."
|9.||Vitamin A (Retinol)FDA LinkGeneric
04/01/2014 - "In this retrospective analysis of the nonrandomized use of vitamin A, combined iNO + vitamin A therapy in preterm infants with birth weight 750-999 g reduced the incidence of BPD and BPD + death and improved neurocognitive outcomes at 1 year in the 500-749 g birth weight group."
01/01/2009 - "The available evidence does not support vitamin A supplementation of HIV-infected pregnant and lactating women, despite improvement in birth weight."
02/01/2003 - "The objective of this study was to identify a possible association between low serum retinol and birth weight in healthy mother-infant pairs in Southern Israel. "
09/01/1990 - "About 450 pregnant women from a low-income group were recruited to study the effect of vitamin A supplementation on plasma vitamin A levels in the mother and cord and on the birth weights of the neonates. "
09/01/1985 - "This study assessed the liver vitamin A concentrations at birth in a group of very low birth weight neonates (n = 25) (less than 1500 g birth weight, less than 32 wk gestation), dying within 24 h of birth, prior to possible changes in vitamin A status induced by postnatal intervention. "
10/01/2005 - "Methods and issues of interpretation are illustrated using an example from a recent study of the association between birth weight and cord blood erythropoietin. "
01/01/1996 - "Erythropoietin (EPO) pharmacokinetic studies were performed in premature infants (birth weight < 1.25 kg) and normal adults. "
01/01/2012 - "The authors hypothesised that in addition to gestational age and birth weight, erythropoietin therapy may influence the incidence of these soft tissue tumours in preterm infants. "
01/01/2002 - "In 36 newborns with birth weight 480 to 1490 g (median 1032 g) and 24 to 32 weeks of gestational age (median 28.0 weeks) we have estimated concentration of cord erythropoietin. "
10/01/2001 - "Effects of early erythropoietin therapy on the transfusion requirements of preterm infants below 1250 grams birth weight: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial."
01/01/2014 - "Improved prenatal care and other public health efforts that promote full term delivery, particularly targeting high-risk families and mothers known to be carrying a fetus with CHD, may therefore be expected to improve the birth-weight of these infants and their long term health."
01/01/1991 - "Medical risk factors and the use of alcohol and drugs had significant negative effects on birth weight, while content and amount of prenatal care contributed to improved birth weight. "
07/01/2014 - "It was found that the practice of prenatal care and number of visits benefited children born weighing > 2,500 gram, compared to those with birth weight < 2,500 g (low birth weight - LBW). "
11/01/2006 - "A medical model providing enhanced prenatal care aimed at improved birth weight predominated. "
02/01/1992 - "Medicaid recipients enrolled in MCPs used prenatal care similarly to those in the FFS system and showed equal or modestly improved birth-weight distributions. "
|2.||Cesarean Section (Caesarean Section)
07/01/2013 - "Over the years there has been a statistically significant increase in the number of twin deliveries, twins after IVF, cesarean section rate, maternal age, nulliparity and a statistically significant reduction in term deliveries, mean birth weight and assisted vaginal deliveries. "
06/01/1996 - "This improved survival after Caesarean section was statistically significant for the group with a birth weight of less than 1500 g. "
09/01/2003 - "Delayed onset of lactation (>72 hours) occurred in 22% of women and was associated with primiparity, cesarean section, stage II labor >1 hour, maternal body mass index >27 kg/m(2), flat or inverted nipples, and birth weight >3600 g (in primiparas). "
09/01/2015 - "The aim of the present study was to provide information for better obstetric counselling by analyzing the impact of fetal birth weight on the caesarean section rate and fetal outcome after induction of labor. "
07/01/2014 - "UDCA use did not affect the Caesarean section rate, but was associated with less prematurity, less use of neonatal intensive care units (data available in only 3/17 studies), and trends towards increased birth weight and decreased meconium staining. "
|3.||Phototherapy (Light Therapy)
01/01/1989 - "For non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinaemia, phototherapy was extremely effective in extremely preterm infants with very low birth weight (gestation less than or equal to 32 weeks, birth weight less than or equal to 1,500 gm) and least effective in full term infants with very low birth weight (gestation greater than 37 weeks, birth weight less than or equal to 1,500 gm) and large preterm infants (gestation less than 37 weeks, birth weight greater than 2,270 gm). "
11/22/1986 - "Phototherapy was most effective in extremely preterm infants with very low birth weight (gestation less than or equal to 32 weeks, birth weight less than or equal to 1500 g) and least effective in full term infants with very low birth weight (gestation greater than or equal to 37 weeks, birth weight less than or equal to 1500 g) and large preterm infants (gestation less than 37 weeks, birth weight greater than 2270 g). "
09/01/1983 - "[Efficacy of phototherapy in the low weight newborn infant: relation to gestational age, birth weight and intra-uterine growth]."
09/01/2015 - "The major determinants of CRT in healthy neonate are birth weight, radiant warmer and phototherapy. "
07/01/2015 - "Neonates (N = 42; birth weight: 1,200-4,690 g; gestational age: 28-42 wk) were studied during phototherapy. "
|4.||Neonatal Intensive Care
06/01/2002 - "The United States has significantly greater neonatal intensive care resources per capita, compared with 3 other developed countries, without having consistently better birth weight-specific mortality. "
10/01/1998 - "Attribution of improved birth weight specific mortality solely to neonatal intensive care may underestimate the contribution of high-risk obstetric care in providing "better babies.""
09/01/2015 - "The aim of the present study was to assess the possible association of prenatal depressive and anxiety symptoms, in the third trimester of pregnancy, with perinatal outcomes (birth weight of the newborn, Apgar score and the newborn's admission in neonatal intensive care unit) in a sample of pregnant women, in Greece. "
03/01/2015 - "Premature babies with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks and/or a birth weight of ≤1 500 g who were hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit between June 2009 and March 2011 were included in the study. "
10/01/2014 - "The purpose of this study is to compare urinary metabolomics at birth in 36 newborns with a gestational age below 29 weeks and birth weight <1500 g (very low birth weight - VLBW), admitted in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) divided into two groups: the first group (18 cases) consisting of newborns who have not yet developed the disease, but who will subsequently develop it and the second group (18 controls) consisting of newborns not affected by BPD. "
|5.||Artificial Respiration (Mechanical Ventilation)
01/01/2014 - "The study included 138 infants with birth weight 1500g (1300-1740g) and a gestational age of 30.5 (29-32) weeks in need of mechanical ventilation. "
01/01/2012 - "The study showed that male infants were more frequently infected, but types of delivery, mean gestational ages, mean birth weights, and the need for mechanical ventilation were similar in C. "
06/15/2004 - "Infants with a birth weight less than 1500 grams who required mechanical ventilation for RDS were enrolled into this study with parental consent. "
12/01/2000 - "From January 1997 to June 1998, 91 premature infants (gestational age 28.8 +/- 2.5 weeks, birth weight 1169 +/- 385 g) born in Chung Gung Children's Hospital requiring mechanical ventilation in the first 72 hours were enrolled in our study. "
01/01/2000 - "The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of the pulmonary complications during mechanical ventilation in 163 ventilated neonates, as well as the relation towards gestational age, birth weight, primary disease and the outcome. "