|2.||Dyspnea (Shortness of Breath)
|4.||Respiratory Insufficiency (Respiratory Failure)
|1.||Hedenstierna, Göran: 18 articles (09/2015 - 01/2003)|
|2.||Hedenstierna, G: 11 articles (07/2014 - 01/2000)|
|3.||Markstaller, Klaus: 10 articles (03/2015 - 06/2002)|
|4.||Pelosi, Paolo: 7 articles (01/2015 - 11/2003)|
|5.||Kavanagh, Brian P: 7 articles (02/2013 - 04/2005)|
|6.||Tusman, Gerardo: 6 articles (12/2015 - 01/2003)|
|7.||Edmark, Lennart: 5 articles (09/2015 - 01/2003)|
|8.||Baumgardner, James E: 5 articles (03/2015 - 12/2002)|
|9.||David, Matthias: 5 articles (03/2015 - 11/2005)|
|10.||Schultz, Marcus J: 5 articles (01/2015 - 10/2012)|
09/01/2006 - "Sixty-four percent (21/33) of those with pediatric pulmonary atelectasis had significant improvement in either oxygen saturation or chest radiography within 72 hours. "
06/03/1995 - "After anaesthesia induction, there was little atelectasis in the 30% oxygen group (mean 0.2 [SD 0.4] cm2) and a significantly greater amount (4.2 [5-6] cm2; p < 0.001) in the 100% oxygen group. "
06/23/1981 - "Improved gas exchange, primarily in the form of better blood oxygen values, was noted in all cases, with a mean improvement of 28% in 3 cases and 7% in 2. It should be noted, however, that there was no correspondence between the results and the presence or otherwise of radiological evidence of atelectasis prior to the treatment."
02/01/1980 - "The results showed that oxygen absorption atelectasis was more effective in removing gas from the lungs than vacuum degassing the lungs. "
06/01/1996 - "Following the removal of retained secretions, arterial oxygenation and partial pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen concentration ratios improved, and atelectasis resolved without the negative hemodynamic side effects of therapeutic bronchoscopy. "
|2.||human DNASE1 protein (dornase alfa)FDA Link
05/01/2009 - "Therapeutic effect of rhDNase is most effective in ameliorating atelectasis in the lungs within 10 doses. "
01/01/2009 - "In subgroup 1a, 16 patients had complete resolution of atelectases and minimal change in dystelectases after a treatment of 24 hours rhDNase, compared with the control group of 17 patients, who had 7 atelectases and 10 dystelectases at baseline and an improvement in only 1 out of 17 (6 %) patients after 24h. "
12/01/2012 - "There was no significant improvement in the chest X-ray atelectasis score in mechanically ventilated patients with new onset atelectasis who were nebulized with Dornase alpha twice a day. "
05/01/2009 - "rhDNase was effective in significantly improving established atelectasis without any major changes in gas exchange and ventilatory parameters. "
05/01/2009 - "rhDNase was more effective in improving chest radiographic atelectasis score in patients who had > moderate amounts of polymophonuclear neutrophils (P value = 0.0008), or bacteria (P value = 0.007) or both (P value = 0.004) present in their pre-rhDNase therapy trachea aspirate. "
08/01/1992 - "Spirometry and blood gases improved during the succeeding postoperative days, and atelectasis decreased. "
03/01/2007 - "Significant changes were noted in arterial blood gases, spirometry, and radiographic analysis of effusion and atelectasis over the time periods studied (p<0.001). "
02/01/2002 - "There were no differences between groups in blood gases, atelectasis scores, or pulmonary complications. "
01/01/1991 - "These observations were enforced by previous observations of similar changes and suggest that the partial pressures of the blood gases may be an important factor in controlling the level and possibly also the pathogenesis of atelectasis. "
10/01/1984 - "Blood gases were normal although some atelectasis was evident after 1 h. "
04/01/2011 - "Promptly accumulation of carbon dioxide was improved and atelectasis of the right upper lobe vanished. "
08/01/2013 - "Lung collapse was achieved by carbon dioxide insufflation. "
11/01/2005 - "A low carbon dioxide insufflation allowed a lung collapse. "
04/01/2002 - "Baseline data were obtained before intrathoracic pressure elevation and the measurements were repeated at intervals after left lung collapse induced by insufflation with carbon dioxide gas. "
02/01/2002 - "Possible mechanisms for the cardiovascular collapse are discussed, and the role of carbon dioxide insufflation as a means of expediting lung collapse for procedures performed using single-lung ventilation is questioned."
|5.||Cisplatin (Platino)FDA LinkGeneric
08/01/2009 - "Single-lung ventilation allowed atelectasis that helped to drain the blood under pulmonary artery occlusion, then cisplatin (5% systemic dose) was instilled during venous occlusion and lung reexpansion. "
08/01/1989 - "Five patients of advanced non-small cell lung cancer with atelectasis and/or poor performance status were treated with combination MVP therapy consisting of bronchial arterial infusion (BAI) using cisplatin (50 mg) and simultaneous systemic MVP therapy. "
11/05/1982 - "Complete clinical remission was achieved in a very large lymphocytic thymoma with infiltration of both lungs and almost complete atelectasis of the left lung as well as superior vena cava syndrome using adriamycin (80 mg/m2, day 1) and cis-platinum (120 mg/m2, day 1). "
|6.||Opioid Analgesics (Opioids)IBA
03/01/1998 - "Compared with systemic opioids, epidural opioids decreased the incidence of atelectasis (risk ratio [RR] 0.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.33-0.85) and had a weak tendency to reduce the incidence of pulmonary infections (RR 0.53, 95% CI 0.18-1.53) and pulmonary complications overall (RR 0.51, 95% CI 0.20-1.33). "
06/01/2009 - "Thoracic epidural analgesia with local anesthetics and opioids is regarded as the gold standard treatment for post-thoracotomy pain management because it results in early extubation, better ventilatory mechanisms and gas exchange, decreased incidence of atelectasis, pneumonia and chronic postoperative pain. "
12/01/2011 - "Endotracheal DNase for atelectasis in ventilated neonates."
04/01/2008 - "In all but one of the cases we described, administration of DNase in this manner resulted in a radiographic and clinical improvement of the atelectasis. "
08/01/2001 - "Rescue use of DNase in critical lung atelectasis and mucus retention in premature neonates."
08/01/2005 - "DNase may be an effective treatment for infectious atelectasis in non-cystic fibrosis pediatric patients."
08/01/2005 - "DNase and atelectasis in non-cystic fibrosis pediatric patients."
|8.||Bupivacaine (Bupivacaine Hydrochloride)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/1988 - "We conclude that infiltration of the fascia with 0.25% bupivacaine at a dose of 2 ml/cm of incision is not effective in preventing postoperative atelectasis. "
10/01/1983 - "The effect of incisional infiltration of bupivacaine hydrochloride upon pulmonary functions, atelectasis and narcotic need following elective cholecystectomy."
02/01/1993 - "Two patients who received bupivacaine and three patients who received placebo had development of pneumonia or atelectasis postoperatively. "
10/01/1983 - "Roentgenographic evidence of atelectasis occurred postoperatively in four patients of the saline solution group and in only nine patients of the bupivacaine hydrochloride group (p less than 0.001). "
10/01/1983 - "Intraoperative infiltration of bupivacaine hydrochloride into the wound improves pulmonary function, reduces the incidence of atelectases and lessens the use of narcotics following cholecystectomy."
|9.||sevoflurane (Ultane)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/1987 - "[The influence of sevoflurane on pulmonary circulation during atelectasis in dogs]."
08/01/2014 - "In this study, we investigated the effect of volatile anesthetic sevoflurane on pulmonary surfactant composition and structure that could contribute to atelectasis. "
06/01/2013 - "The improved oxygenation after the application of PEEP under sevoflurane anesthesia is mainly due to reduction of atelectasis, whereas reduction of atelectasis as well as reduction of intrapulmonary shunt is associated with the improved oxygenation after the application of PEEP under propofol anesthesia."
06/01/2014 - "Isoflurane, halothane and sevoflurane reduced airway resistance, static lung elastance and atelectasis when compared with pentobarbital sodium. "
|10.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
04/01/2008 - "We found this method successful in treating lobar atelectasis, which was resistant to conventional therapy with antibiotics and physiotherapy. "
01/01/2008 - "Despite medical therapy including antibiotics, bronchodilator etc, atelectasis persisted. "
05/01/1998 - "We report a case of atelectasis of the upper right lobe which did not respond to antibiotics. "
12/23/1994 - "Although it was being treated with antibiotics, frequent bronchoalveolar lavage had to be done because of repeated atelectases. "
08/01/1993 - "Episodes of atelectasis and accidental extubations, and doses of sedative drugs and antibiotics were not different between the two groups. "
|1.||Positive-Pressure Respiration (PEEP)
01/01/2013 - "The higher PEEP reduced lung collapse and improved mechanics and gas exchange but it also down regulated surfactant release and production and increased epithelial cell injury. "
03/01/2008 - "Lung recruitment total lung capacity (TLC) maneuvers plus positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) are effective in preventing atelectasis. "
08/01/2012 - "Occlusion of the endotracheal tube and cervical trachea was directly eliminated as the cause of atelectasis in cases 1 and 2, and indirectly eliminated in case 3. Improvement in pulmonary function occurred in all cases in response to increased PIP ± positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP). "
11/01/2009 - "A recruitment maneuver followed by PEEP reduced atelectasis and improved oxygenation in morbidly obese patients, whereas PEEP or a recruitment maneuver alone did not."
03/01/2009 - "Eventually, positive pressure ventilation delivered at airway opening (via a mouthpiece) associated to active respiratory physiotherapy succeeded in removing atelectasis and quickly cured the five following acute episodes without any further hospitalization. "
|2.||Artificial Respiration (Mechanical Ventilation)
10/01/2008 - "Modern lung protective strategies of mechanical ventilation include low-tidal-volume ventilation and the continuation of spontaneous breathing which has been shown to be beneficial in reducing atelectasis and improving oxygenation. "
01/01/2011 - "Differentiation between atelectasis and consolidation from other causes of lung damage by using qCT may help to identify patients who could benefit from management strategies such as damage control surgery and lung-protective mechanical ventilation that focus on the prevention of pulmonary complications."
04/01/2015 - "Lung atelectases were frequent due to mechanical ventilation and attracted transplanted cells. "
03/01/2015 - "Cyclic recruitment and derecruitment of atelectasis can occur during mechanical ventilation, especially in injured lungs. "
01/01/2015 - "Unfortunately, there is no instrument to estimate atelectasis and prompt changes of mechanical ventilation during general anaesthesia. "
09/01/2003 - "These findings suggest that the effects of compression atelectasis on the composition of pulmonary secretions may be eliminated within 168 hr after anesthesia."
06/01/2014 - "The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of lung sonography (LUS) to diagnose anesthesia-induced atelectasis in children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). "
04/01/1999 - "Recent computed tomography studies show that inspired gas composition affects the development of anesthesia-related atelectasis. "
01/01/2015 - "Anesthesia delivery varies between providers and there is no standard practice to decrease the incidence of postoperative atelectasis. "
01/01/2015 - "Lung ultrasonography for the detection of anesthesia-induced lung atelectasis."
04/01/1995 - "Atelectasis, an important cause of impaired gas exchange during general anesthesia, may be eliminated by a vital capacity maneuver. "
12/01/2002 - "General anesthesia promotes pulmonary atelectasis, which can be eliminated by a vital capacity (VC) maneuver (inflation of the lungs to 40 cm H(2)O for 15 s). "
01/01/2015 - "Types of studies: Randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effectiveness of any of the proposed interventions, individually or in combination, in the prevention of postoperative atelectasis during general anesthesia were considered for inclusion. "
11/01/2009 - "This study analyzed the effect of general anesthesia and three different ventilatory strategies to reduce the amount of atelectasis and improve respiratory function. "
03/01/2008 - "Imaging studies have shown that general anesthesia in children results in atelectasis. "
|5.||Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
01/01/2015 - "The NHL went into complete remission after six chemotherapy cycles, but atelectasis developed in the left lower lobe 18 months after SEMS insertion. "
03/01/1994 - "The discovery of effective antituberculosis chemotherapy eliminated the need for lung collapse therapy, and thoracoscopy was discarded as no longer useful. "
07/01/2007 - "The CT imaging also makes clear that epituberculosis may be the atelectasis of lobe or segment which occurs mostly due to compression of bronchi by the enlargement of mediastinal and/or hilar lymphonodes and their early exacerbation after starting chemotherapy. "
01/01/2007 - "A chemotherapy proved to be ineffective and upper left lobectomy was carried out because of the risk of pulmonary atelectasis. "
03/15/2003 - "Subgroup analyses of patients without atelectasis before irradiation, Stage I and II disease, or treatment without induction chemotherapy were also performed. "