|1.||Kim, Sun Yeou: 2 articles (09/2014 - 03/2009)|
|2.||Lee, Jin Woo: 2 articles (02/2011 - 11/2009)|
|3.||Cha, Jaeho: 2 articles (09/2010 - 04/2008)|
|4.||Polnikorn, Niwat: 2 articles (06/2010 - 09/2008)|
|5.||Lee, Sang-Hyeon: 2 articles (10/2009 - 04/2008)|
|6.||Chen, Shui-Tein: 2 articles (02/2009 - 01/2007)|
|7.||Sinchaikul, Supachok: 2 articles (02/2009 - 01/2007)|
|8.||Cheng, Sun-Long: 2 articles (02/2009 - 01/2007)|
|9.||Kuriki, Takashi: 2 articles (04/2004 - 07/2003)|
|10.||Nomura, Koji: 2 articles (04/2004 - 07/2003)|
06/01/2010 - "Combination therapy with the MedLite C6 and 7% alpha arbutin solution is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for refractory melasma."
06/01/2010 - "This was a prospective study of 35 refractory melasma cases treated with 10 weekly laser sessions, two monthly follow-up treatments and topical 7% alpha arbutin solution. "
06/01/2010 - "To evaluate the effectiveness of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (MedLite C6; HOYA ConBio, Fremont, CA, USA) and 7% alpha arbutin solution (Skin Advance Laboratory, Japan) in the treatment of melasma. "
06/01/2010 - "Treatment of refractory melasma with the MedLite C6 Q-switched Nd:YAG laser and alpha arbutin: a prospective study."
09/01/2008 - "Case 2: A 45-year-old Asian female with refractory dermal melasma received 10 weekly laser treatments combined with 7% alpha arbutin and a broad-spectrum sunscreen. "
05/01/1991 - "[Inhibitory effect of arbutin on melanogenesis--biochemical study using cultured B16 melanoma cells]."
09/08/2010 - "HQ-Gal inhibited (23%) melanin synthesis without being significantly toxic to the cells, while beta-arbutin exhibited only 8% reduction of melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells compared with the control. "
06/01/2007 - "The obtained arbutin ester significantly suppressed melanin production in murine B16 melanoma cells."
03/01/2007 - "In a B16 melanoma cell system, DHLHZn was active in suppressing the synthesis of melanins as well as alpha-arbutin, well known as a depigmenting drug. "
08/01/1995 - "Inhibitory effects of both compounds on the melanogenesis, were studied using cultured B16 melanoma cells, and HQ-alpha-G was also found to have a similar effect to that of arbutin without inhibiting cell growth. "
06/01/2010 - "As to hyperpigmentation and antioxidative capabilities, licorice, green tea, arbutin, soy, acai berry, turmeric and pomegranate are among those plants and compounds found to be most beneficial. "
03/01/2009 - "Furthermore, the hyperpigmentation effects of alpha-MSH were abrogated by the addition of arbutin to brownish guinea pig and human skin tissues. "
09/01/2014 - "Synthetic compounds that are used in the clinic to regulate skin hyperpigmentation, such as arbutin, hydroquinone, and kojic acid, are only moderately effective. "
03/01/2009 - "Inhibitory effects of arbutin on melanin biosynthesis of alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone-induced hyperpigmentation in cultured brownish guinea pig skin tissues."
07/01/2010 - "Topical tyrosinase inhibitors, such as hydroquinone, azelaic acid, kojic acid, arbutin, and certain licorice extracts, can effectively lighten areas of hypermelanosis. "
05/07/2012 - "The current study is an attempt to evaluate the anti-ulcerogenic activities of arbutin, a major constituent of Turnera diffusa on two ulcer models. "
05/07/2012 - "Thus it can be concluded that Turnera diffusa possesses anti-ulcer activity, which could be attributed to lipid peroxidation inhibitory, immuno modulatory and anti-oxidant mechanisms of arbutin but not to the intervention with nitric oxide inflammation pathway."
05/07/2012 - "Pre-treatment with arbutin or omeprazole protected the gastric mucosa as seen by reduction in ulcer area and mucosal content, reduced or absence of edema, inflammation and leucocytes infiltration on both models. "
05/07/2012 - "Effects of arbutin on ulcer index, gastric juice acidity, mucus content and histochemistry, gross and histological gastric lesions, nitric oxide, cytokines levels (IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), were evaluated in aspirin or ethanol-induced ulcer in vivo. "
|2.||Permixon (saw palmetto extract)
|5.||Glutathione (Reduced Glutathione)