|5.||Respiratory Sounds (Crackle)
|1.||Pronicki, Maciej: 2 articles (01/2011 - 01/2007)|
|2.||Bell, Harold J: 2 articles (05/2010 - 08/2009)|
|3.||Haouzi, Philippe: 2 articles (05/2010 - 08/2009)|
|4.||Zhou, Shusheng: 1 article (04/2015)|
|5.||Liu, Bao: 1 article (04/2015)|
|6.||Guo, Linhong: 1 article (04/2015)|
|7.||Shao, Min: 1 article (04/2015)|
|8.||Jin, Kui: 1 article (04/2015)|
|9.||Li, Kai: 1 article (01/2015)|
|10.||Xu, Yuan: 1 article (01/2015)|
|1.||Lactic AcidFDA LinkGeneric
09/01/1991 - "Respiratory alkalosis increases the basal concentration of plasma lactate and decreases clearance of infused lactic acid. "
10/01/2002 - "The results from the present study suggest that respiratory alkalosis may play an important role in lactate accumulation during the transition from rest to exercise in acute hypoxic conditions, but that other factors mediate lactate accumulation during steady-state exercise."
01/01/1988 - "It was the purpose of this study to determine the effects of respiratory alkalosis before and after high intensity exercise on recovery blood lactate concentration. "
01/01/1988 - "This study examined the influence of the respiratory alkalosis of acute altitude (AL) exposure alone or in combination with metabolic acid-base manipulations on exercise performance and muscle and blood lactate accumulation. "
12/01/2001 - "Acidification of intracellular fluid by accumulation of lactate may compensate the effect of respiratory alkalosis. "
|2.||Parathyroid Hormone (Parathormone)IBA
08/01/2003 - "This study was designed to evaluate whether acute metabolic and respiratory alkalosis suppressed parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. "
12/01/1985 - "This study was performed to evaluate the nephron site(s) responsible for the blunted phosphaturic effect of parathyroid hormone during respiratory alkalosis. "
11/01/1982 - "The present studies evaluated the effect of respiratory alkalosis on tissue phosphate distribution and renal phosphate transport in the presence and absence of parathyroid hormone (PTH). "
08/01/2003 - "Direct suppressive effect of acute metabolic and respiratory alkalosis on parathyroid hormone secretion in the dog."
12/01/1999 - "The phosphaturic response to parathyroid hormone (PTH) is blunted during acute respiratory alkalosis. "
06/01/2009 - "The arterial blood gas analysis showed reduced arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide tension with resulting respiratory alkalosis. "
05/16/1991 - "The quantitative relation between reduced arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) and the plasma bicarbonate concentration in the chronic steady state has not been studied in humans, however, and the laboratory criteria for the diagnosis of chronic respiratory alkalosis therefore remain undefined. "
01/01/1990 - "To avoid the occurrence of respiratory alkalosis, carbon dioxide must be added to the inspiratory gas flow. "
01/01/1980 - "Respiratory alkalosis was indicated by a concomitant fall in mean maternal carbon dioxide pressure. "
05/01/1965 - "The degree of respiratory alkalosis during anaesthesia reported in earlier papers (Walker, Morgan, Breckenridge, Watt, Ogilvie, and Douglas, 1963; Morgan, Ogilvie, and Walker, 1963) was greater than had been originally appreciated.A ;false' increase in carbon dioxide content will also falsely increase buffer base or ;base excess' as calculated from standard nomograms (Singer and Hastings, 1948; Davenport, 1958; Siggaard-Andersen, 1963)."
06/01/2000 - "The respiratory alkalosis will produce a pronounced in vivo left-shift of the blood oxygen dissociation curve due to the large Bohr effect and this is shown to be critical for arterial oxygen saturation."
06/01/1994 - "Stage I was characterized by respiratory alkalosis and stage II by normal acid-base balance with an increase in PaO2 (p < 0.01) and a decrease in intrapulmonary shunt (Qsp/Qt) (p < 0.001); the indices alveolar to arterial oxygen tension gradient [P(A-a)O2], respiratory index (R.I.) and estimated shunt (Est Shunt) also decreased significantly, whereas arterial to alveolar oxygen tension ratio (PaO2/PAO2) and arterial oxygen tension to inspired oxygen fraction ration (PaO2/FiO2) increased significantly. "
03/01/1994 - "Changes in blood gas included a decline in arterial oxygen tension (pO2) combined with a respiratory alkalosis. "
11/01/1988 - "Hemodynamic responses to respiratory alkalosis during pulmonary vasoconstriction produced in random order by breathing 12% inspired oxygen and by infusing 0.1 micrograms/kg/min of the thromboxane-mimetic U46,619 were compared in eight 2-wk-old piglets. "
06/01/1979 - "Respiratory alkalosis increases tissue oxygen demand."
04/01/2004 - "Arterial blood gases disclosed marked hypocarbia: Pco(2) of 8 mm Hg resulting in severe respiratory alkalosis at pH of 7.8. "
05/22/1976 - "Studies of maternal blood gases before induction and at delivery revealed mild respiratory alkalosis, associated with an appropriate degree of compensatory metabolic acidosis. "
01/01/2011 - "Sinusoidal tachycardia was detected with electrocardiography (EKG) and respiratory alkalosis in arterial blood gases. "
07/01/2006 - "Arterial blood gases showed mixed acid base disturbance of respiratory alkalosis and metabolic acidosis with hyperlactataemia. "
06/01/1996 - "Blood gases analysis showed arterial hypoxemia and respiratory alkalosis. "
08/01/2003 - "However, the maximal PTH response was observed after a decrease in ionized calcium of 0.20 mM in the control group but not until a decrease of 0.40 mM in the metabolic and respiratory alkalosis groups. "
09/01/1992 - "In conclusion, the decrease in nephrogenous cAMP generation despite unchanged serum intact PTH concentration suggests that chronic respiratory alkalosis results in impaired renal responsiveness to PTH as manifested by alterations in PTH-dependent renal calcium and phosphate transport.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)"
09/01/1992 - "Chronic respiratory alkalosis (delta PaCO2, -8.4 mm Hg, delta[H+] -3.2 nmol/liter) resulted in a sustained decrement in plasma ionized calcium concentration (delta[IoCa++]p, -0.10 mmol/liter, P less than 0.05) and a sustained increment in plasma phosphate concentration (delta[PO4]p, +0.14 mmol/liter, P less than 0.005) associated with increased fractional excretion of Ca++ (+0.5%, P less than 0.005), decreased phosphate clearance (-6.1 ml/min, P less than 0.025) and decreased excretion of nephrogenous cAMP (-1.5 nmol/100 ml GFR, P less than 0.0025). "
03/01/1986 - "Effects of thermal-induced respiratory alkalosis on blood ionized calcium levels in the domestic hen."
04/01/2006 - "No particular anaesthetic agent or technique is indicated except that respiratory alkalosis should be avoided as it may further decrease ionised calcium levels and thereby precipitate tetany. "
05/01/2002 - "This study investigates whether the short-term renal compensation of hypoxia-induced respiratory alkalosis is impaired by a low sodium intake. "
05/01/2002 - "Thus the quick onset of bicarbonate excretion within the first hour of hypoxia-induced respiratory alkalosis was not impaired by a low sodium intake. "
05/01/2002 - "Low sodium intake does not impair renal compensation of hypoxia-induced respiratory alkalosis."
01/01/1986 - "Complications of severe poisoning include coma, convulsions, hepatic dysfunction, acute renal failure, sodium and water retention, haematuria, cardiovascular collapse, respiratory alkalosis, metabolic acidosis, hypoprothrombinaemia and thrombocytopenia. "
05/01/2002 - "Acute hypoxia causes hyperventilation and respiratory alkalosis, often combined with increased diuresis and sodium, potassium, and bicarbonate excretion. "
06/26/2008 - "We here describe an infant with respiratory alkalosis within the first two days of life and a high plasma level of ammonia (> 700 micromol/L). "
08/01/1989 - "Laboratory examination disclosed abnormal liver functions, hyponatremia, respiratory alkalosis and normal blood ammonia. "
10/01/1984 - "Increased levels of blood ammonia predispose to hyperventilation which results in a superimposed respiratory alkalosis on a pre-existing hypokalemia and/or alkalosis therefore causing intense cerebral vasoconstriction. "
03/01/2004 - "The present study examined the effect of hypoxia-induced respiratory alkalosis on exercise-induced metabolic acidosis and increases in plasma lactate and ammonia levels. "
03/01/2004 - "Regression analysis between ammonia and pH revealed nearly identical changes in hypoxia and normoxia at low pH. From these results, we conclude that: (1) hypoxia-induced respiratory alkalosis attenuated exhaustive exercise-induced metabolic acidosis, (2) plasma lactate concentration was determined by the relative exercise intensity, (3) the maximum plasma ammonia concentration under exhaustive exercise was reduced at hypoxia because of respiratory alkalosis."
01/01/1997 - "This study evaluated whether progesterone and estradiol contribute to the respiratory alkalosis common in cirrhotic patients. "
06/01/1976 - "These results suggest that the 2,3-DPG increase during the last week of the menstrual cylce is problably due to a respiratory alkalosis induced by progesterone secretion."
|10.||L-Lactate Dehydrogenase (Lactate Dehydrogenase)IBA
11/01/1997 - "Laboratory studies revealed a high rate of cytopenia, elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, abnormal liver function test values, respiratory alkalosis with hypoxemia, and a median CD4 lymphocyte count of 36 x 10(9) per liter. "
01/01/2004 - "There were marked capillary blood flow disturbances with erythrocyte aggregation, metabolic acidosis, compensated with respiratory alkalosis, total lactate dehydrogenase activity elevation, Na+ and K+ decrease in blood plasma and K+ reduction in erythrocytes in a severe form of alcohol delirium. "
|1.||Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
11/01/1985 - "The progression of acidemia was remarkably slow; arterial blood pH remained normal for more than 16 min. Even though there was significant lactic acidosis, concurrent respiratory alkalosis during CPR accounted for the greatly delayed onset of acidemia. "
06/01/1985 - "Blood-gas and acid-base balance analysis during CPR revealed well-oxygenated arterial blood with a marked respiratory alkalosis and a slowly developing metabolic acidosis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)"
02/01/1987 - "Arterial blood gas measurements indicate respiratory alkalosis during CPR, but underlying tissue acidosis persists; venous blood gases appear to provide more useful information. "
03/01/1989 - "However, recent experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that respiratory acidosis in mixed venous blood and respiratory alkalosis in arterial blood with only minor increases in lactic acid characterize the early acid-base changes that follow cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). "
|2.||Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
08/01/2000 - "Considering the possibility of this diagnosis in patients developing confusion and neurological degradation with respiratory alkalosis after intensive chemotherapy, could allow earlier treatment and perhaps improved survival. "
09/01/1992 - "Respiratory alkalosis and unexplained mental and neurologic changes following intensive chemotherapy are useful clues for the diagnosis of hyperammonemia syndrome. "
12/01/1991 - "The results showed that the increase in extravascular lung water volume, lung edema shadow in x-ray films, elevation of lung vascular resistance, carbonemia, hypoxemia, respiratory alkalosis, metabolic acidosis, dyspnea, dry and moist rales of the lungs, reduction of tidal volume, etc, were markedly improved in TG as compared with that of CG. "
|4.||Artificial Respiration (Mechanical Ventilation)
07/01/1986 - "The pulmonary vasodilator effect of increased rate of mechanical ventilation, with and without respiratory alkalosis, was studied in chronically instrumented newborn lambs. "
11/01/1985 - "One of the claimed advantages of intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) over assisted mechanical ventilation (AMV) (assist-control) is the avoidance or correction of acute respiratory alkalosis, ostensibly by allowing patients to achieve normal alveolar ventilation (VA) and PaCO2 through the function of an intact ventilatory drive. "
11/01/1985 - "Does intermittent mandatory ventilation correct respiratory alkalosis in patients receiving assisted mechanical ventilation?"
07/01/1985 - "This fall in serum phosphate coincided with the induction of respiratory alkalosis consequent to mechanical ventilation. "
07/01/1964 - "THE METABOLIC EFFECTS OF MECHANICAL VENTILATION AND RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS IN POSTOPERATIVE PATIENTS."
|5.||Mechanical Ventilators (Ventilator)
08/01/2012 - "Upon assessment of ventilator waveforms and arterial blood gas revealing a profound respiratory alkalosis, the pressure/time waveform demonstrated a -2 cm H(2)O decrease in pressure prior to each cycled breath. "
11/01/1985 - "Effect of mechanical ventilator mode on tendency towards respiratory alkalosis."
04/01/1981 - "In five infants the right-to-left shunt reversed during ventilator-induced respiratory alkalosis (pH greater than 7.6). "
01/01/2000 - "The advantages of assisted AVL are decreased resistance of the patient to the respirator, no suppression of muscular activity, decreased intrathoracic pressure, a lower probability of respiratory alkalosis or acidosis, and possibility of inspiration end positive pressure during spontaneous respiration. "
11/01/1985 - "However, although respiratory alkalosis in patients being hyperventilated with controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) can be corrected by a change to IMV, CMV is seldom appropriate for patients with acute respiratory failure, and whether IMV affects respiratory alkalosis in patients triggering the ventilator in the AMV mode has not previously been tested. "