|1.||Sultan, Charles: 8 articles (01/2013 - 06/2004)|
|2.||Ogata, Tsutomu: 5 articles (10/2014 - 07/2002)|
|3.||Hasegawa, Tomonobu: 5 articles (01/2014 - 07/2002)|
|4.||Paris, Françoise: 5 articles (01/2013 - 06/2004)|
|5.||Latronico, Ana Claudia: 5 articles (01/2013 - 09/2006)|
|6.||Young, Jacques: 4 articles (05/2014 - 01/2010)|
|7.||Sultan, C: 4 articles (06/2012 - 05/2001)|
|8.||Migeon, Claude J: 4 articles (12/2009 - 08/2002)|
|9.||Quinton, Richard: 3 articles (11/2015 - 03/2014)|
|10.||Plummer, Lacey: 3 articles (08/2015 - 07/2009)|
|1.||Cryptorchidism (Undescended Testes)
11/01/2015 - "Here, we report the case of an adolescent who came to the pediatric endocrinologist at the age of 12 years old for micropenis and cryptorchidism. "
11/01/2014 - "Three boys had micropenis and 1 had unilateral undescended testis. "
03/01/2014 - "There were no differences in the rates of cryptorchidism, micropenis, or partial pubertal development in patients with reversal vs IHH patients without reversal. "
01/01/2013 - "They presented with micropenis (n = 32, 69.6%, including all those <one year), cryptorchidism (n = 32, 69.6%, unilateral in 8, bilateral in 24), and/or pubertal delay (n = 11). "
12/01/2012 - "As a result of poor maternal heath and fetal anomaly, the parents elected to terminate the pregnancy, and a 986-g male fetus was delivered with hypotelorism, HPE, cebocephaly, micropenis, and cryptorchidism. "
12/01/2015 - "The majority presented with ambiguous external genitalia including micropenis and severe hypospadias. "
10/01/2014 - "Case 1 exhibited underdeveloped external genitalia with hypospadias, case 2 manifested micropenis and cases 3 and 4 showed normal external genitalia. "
10/01/2013 - "Micropenis is defined as a stretched penile length 2.5 standard deviations less than the mean for age without the presence of any other penile anomalies, such as hypospadias. "
12/01/2012 - "Finally, abnormalities of the corpora cavernosa - often associated with hypospadias - can include penis curvature and micropenis, for which an endocrinological analysis is essential."
10/01/2012 - "The differential diagnosis in CAIS is limited, whereas in PAIS, numerous other causes of DSD can also produce the typical phenotype of micropenis, severe hypospadias and bifid scrotum. "
|3.||Disorders of Sex Development (Intersexuality)
09/01/2002 - "The objective of this study was to identify and study adults who have a 46,XY karyotype and presented as infants or children with variable degrees of undermasculinization of their genitalia (female genitalia, ambiguous genitalia, or micropenis). "
03/01/1997 - "The study included 29 patients who were categorized into three groups (isolated micropenis, 9 patients; microphallus with genital ambiguity, 11 patients; genital ambiguity with normal-sized phallus, 9 patients). "
03/01/1997 - "However, recent studies have reported 5 alpha R deficiency (5 alpha RD) in patients with isolated micropenis and hypothesized that 5 alpha RD is not invariably associated with genital ambiguity. "
06/01/1998 - "As a result, patients with this syndrome display aberrant male development ranging from complete pseudohermaphroditism to males with micropenis but with otherwise normal sex characteristics. "
03/01/1997 - "The results showed that the incidence of 5 alpha RD was much higher in cases of ambiguous genitalia with micropenis (5 families out of 10, 50%) than in those with isolated microphallus (1/9, 11.1%) or those with ambiguous genitalia and normal-sized phallus (1/8, 12.5%). "
|4.||Hypogonadism (Hypergonadotropic Hypogonadism)
11/01/2014 - "The study included 16 men aged 22-62 years with micropenis and hypogonadism. "
04/01/2011 - "The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hCG treatment on the gonadal response and penile growth in male idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (IHH) presenting with micropenis. "
01/01/2014 - "The 20-year-old male was referred because of typical signs of complete hypogonadism, with small intrascrotal testes (2 ml), no pubic hair (P1), and a micropenis. "
05/01/2013 - "The Author shows the condition of a male infant 46,XY eighteen months old; the child appeared with a micropenis completely expressed and resulting from hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. "
02/01/2012 - "Presence of micropenis reflects intrauterine hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. "
|5.||Mental Retardation (Idiocy)
01/01/2002 - "Penis agenesis associated with mental retardation: a case report."
04/01/1996 - "Three patients had the combination of agenesis of the corpus callosum, mental deficiency, and micropenis. "
01/01/1981 - "The main symptoms are presented in Tables 1 and 2. The syndrome can be suspected when, in addition to mental retardation, the following characteristics are present: short nose, long philtrum, micrognathia, retracted lower lip, and micropenis in males. "
05/01/2011 - "We report the case of a 26-month-old boy with mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, childhood feeding difficulties, short stature, bilateral cryptorchidism, micropenis, and heart defect. "
01/01/2011 - "We have clinically screened more than 100 patients with dysmorphic features, mental retardation and normal karyotype using high density oligo array-CGH (aCGH) and identified a ~9.2 Mb hemizygous interstitial deletion at the 12q telomere (Chromosome 12: 46,XY,del(12)(q24.31q24.33) in a severely developmentally retarded patient having dysmorphic features such as low set ears, microcephaly, undescended testicles, bent elbow, kyphoscoliosis, and micropenis. "
|2.||Growth Hormone (Somatotropin)
|6.||Androgen Receptors (Androgen Receptor)
|7.||Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
|9.||Cholestenone 5 alpha-Reductase (5 alpha-Reductase)
|10.||Follicle Stimulating Hormone (Follitropin)
|4.||Free Tissue Flaps