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Thomas' solution

an aqueous solution of sodium gluconate, citric acid, and malic acid; used to acidify urine
Networked: 32 relevant articles (2 outcomes, 2 trials/studies)

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Bio-Agent Context: Research Results

Experts

1. Liu, Jin: 4 articles (05/2010 - 09/2007)
2. Li, Tao: 3 articles (05/2010 - 02/2009)
3. Zhang, Pu: 2 articles (05/2010 - 02/2009)
4. Huang, Han: 2 articles (02/2010 - 02/2009)
5. Zhang, Wensheng: 2 articles (02/2010 - 02/2009)
6. Liu, Xing-Kui: 1 article (12/2011)
7. Fu, Xiao-Yun: 1 article (12/2011)
8. Yu, Zhi-Hao: 1 article (12/2011)
9. Yu, Tian: 1 article (12/2011)
10. Liu, Shanling: 1 article (02/2010)

Related Diseases

1. Ischemia
08/01/1995 - "To define the early phase of recovery that had been obscured by reperfusion-induced arrhythmias, we repeated the experiments with the inclusion of a cardioplegic infusion (St Thomas' solution for 2 minutes before ischemia). "
03/01/1996 - "Study 2: the effect of preconditioning added to cardioplegia with four groups subjected to 35 min ischemia (n = 8/group): (i) controls, (ii) one cycle of preconditioning (3 min ischemia + 3 min reperfusion), (iii) cardioplegia with St Thomas' solution immediately prior to ischemia, and (iv) preconditioning followed by cardioplegia prior to ischemia. "
05/01/1996 - "Four groups (n=8 hearts per group) were studied: control hearts with 35 minutes of unprotected ischemia, hearts preconditioned with one cycle of 3 minutes of ischemia plus 3 minutes of reperfusion before 35 minutes of ischemia, hearts subjected to cardioplegia with St Thomas' solution infused for 1 minute before 35 minutes of ischemia, and hearts subjected to preconditioning plus cardioplegia before 35 minutes of ischemia. "
01/01/1981 - "Multidose (every 40 minutes) cardioplegic infusion of the St. Thomas' solution combined with topical hypothermia extended the tolerable period of ischemia from less than 30 minutes to about 120 minutes in the rat and from less than 60 minutes to more than 180 minutes in the dog. "
05/01/2003 - "Pinacidil provided better protection during ischemia-reperfusion in the immature rabbit heart than St. Thomas' solution, whereas pinacidil combined with St. Thomas' solution showed the worst protective effects in immature hearts."
2. Infarction
3. Heart Arrest (Cardiac Arrest)
4. Hypothermia
5. Reperfusion Injury

Related Drugs and Biologics

1. Pinacidil (Pindac)
2. Hemoglobins (Hemoglobin)
3. Krebs-Henseleit solution
4. Cardioplegic Solutions
5. University of Wisconsin-lactobionate solution
6. Nicorandil (SG 75)
7. Verapamil (Calan)
8. Epoprostenol (Prostacyclin)
9. Procaine (Novocaine)
10. Potassium

Related Therapies and Procedures

1. Induced Heart Arrest (Cardioplegia)
2. Heart Transplantation (Grafting, Heart)
3. Cardiopulmonary Bypass (Heart-Lung Bypass)