|1.||Simbar, Masoumeh: 2 articles (04/2015 - 10/2007)|
|2.||Sheikhan, Zohre: 1 article (04/2015)|
|3.||Ozgoli, Giti: 1 article (04/2015)|
|4.||Nasiri, Malihe: 1 article (04/2015)|
|5.||Bakhtyari, Maryam: 1 article (04/2015)|
|6.||Dolatian, Mahrokh: 1 article (04/2015)|
|7.||Zangeneh, Maryam: 1 article (09/2013)|
|8.||Veisi, Firoozeh: 1 article (09/2013)|
|9.||Fraser, Ian S: 1 article (10/2007)|
|10.||Tehrani, Fahimeh Ramezani: 1 article (10/2007)|
01/01/1998 - " The proven efficacy of Cyclofem justifies a trial in DMPA users concerned about their amenorrhea. "
01/01/1998 - "It is concluded that switching to Cyclofem is a new option for DMPA users who are concerned about amenorrhea. "
01/01/1998 - "Effectiveness of Cyclofem in the treatment of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate induced amenorrhea."
08/01/1999 - "Discontinuation rates because of amenorrhea were 2.74 in the Cyclofem group compared to 1.38 in the Mesigyna group, whereas the rates of discontinuation because bleeding problems were significantly higher among Mesigyna users (11.54) compared to the Cyclofem group (7.39). "
04/01/1994 - "Researchers find lower 12-month life table discontinuation rates for menstrual disturbances for Cyclofem (2.1-5.2% for amenorrhea and 6.3-12.7% for bleeding related reasons) and Mesigyna (0.8-4.2% for amenorrhea and 7.5-12% for bleeding related reasons) than expected for most progestogen-only methods. "
10/01/2007 - "However, there is a gap in our knowledge about the effects of Cyclofem on the endometrial vasculature and patterns of bleeding. "
01/01/1998 - " The median time to resumption of vaginal bleeding was 8 weeks in the Cyclofem group. "
05/01/1994 - "Cyclofem has the advantage of easy reversibility, regular bleeding patterns, and high efficacy. "
10/01/2007 - "This study aimed to compare the effects of Cyclofem and DMPA on endometrial vascular density, endometrial histology and pattern of bleeding. "
01/01/1998 - "Although using Cyclofem in this setting will not meet the needs of all such women, its effectiveness in inducing vaginal bleeding justifies a trial in those who have no contraindication to estrogen treatment. "
03/01/1995 - " Cyclofem users had more spotting days than did Mesigyna users in each 90-day period (5-8 vs. 5-6). "
10/01/2007 - "This study demonstrated that both Cyclofem and DMPA use are associated with decreased endometrial vascular density and atrophic endometrium, in addition to irregular bleeding, mainly spotting. "
10/01/2007 - "Total bleeding days in the first and second 3-month time intervals were 28 +/- 23 and 18 +/- 12 days in DMPA users and 22 +/- 14 and 16 +/- 9 days in Cyclofem users, respectively, Spotting was the most common type of bleeding experienced, and atrophic endometrium was the most common histological pattern observed in both groups. "
05/01/1985 - "The percentage of days with bleeding and spotting was 24% for Cycloprovera and 29% for HRP-102. "
03/01/1995 - "Relative to users of Mesigyna or Cyclofem, Injectable No. 1 users had 2-3 more bleeding/spotting days, and a shorter length of bleeding/spotting-free intervals in each period. "
|4.||Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
08/01/1999 - "There were insignificant changes in the systolic and diastolic blood pressure values recorded at follow-up; only one Cyclofem user developed systemic hypertension (160/100 mm Hg) after 6 months of use and was discontinued for that reason. "
03/01/1993 - "Data based on the trial (March 1990-February 1992) indicate that the Cyclofem women complained of dizziness, nausea, bleeding problems, migraine, vomiting, amenorrhea, allergies and hypertension during the use of Cyclofem. "
|5.||Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Pain)
01/01/1998 - "The most frequently cited problems among Cyclofem users included breast tenderness, abdominal pain, and dysmenorrhea; yet a third of these women opted to stay on Cyclofem at the end of the study. "
01/01/1998 - " Although 94% of Cyclofem users compared with only 22% of DMPA users experienced minor side effects (breast tenderness, abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea) during the 6-month study period, 34% of these women elected to remain on Cyclofem at the end of the study. "
01/01/1995 - " Contraception for women comprises the following: 1) agents that prevent ovulation; prolonged breast feeding (98% safe contraception within the first 6 months); oral contraceptives containing estrogens and gestagens (60-80 million women use them worldwide; in 1968 the 50 g estrogen containing pill, in 1972 the micropill with 30 g of ethinyl estradiol [EE], and in 1992 the ultra-low-dose pill with 20 g of EE were introduced); and future developments (third generation progestagens, antigestagens, nonsteroidal natural substances, melatonin, the combination of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs and natural estrogens); 2) prevention of fertilization: mechanical methods (diaphragm, sterilization methods by laparoscopy or chemical means); chemical methods (spermicides such as nonoxynol); behavioral methods (temperature methods using refined measurement of the body temperature, cervical mucus resistance); hormonal methods (implants such as Norplant containing levonorgestrel [LNG], Implanon containing 3-ketodesogestrel, the vaginal ring [the WHO-ring and the Organon ring], the minipill with pure gestagen, one-month injection with Cyclofem), IUDs (copper-containing IUDs, LNG-containing IUDs with a Pearl Index of 0.2-0.5 and reduction of dysmenorrhea); and immunological contraception (ovum and spermatozoon antigens); 3) the prevention of implantation: hormonal methods (the morning-after pill with high-dose EE or the combination of estrogen and gestagen); insertion of an IUD up to the 6th day after coitus; immunological methods (human chorionic gonadotropin antibodies, antibodies against the zona pellucida glycoproteins, implantation inhibition through interaction with interleukin IL-1 receptor, and antibodies against specific proteins of the endometrium influencing implantation). "
|2.||norethindrone drug combination estradiol
|3.||estradiol 17 beta-cypionate (Depo-estradiol)
|4.||Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Depo-Provera)
|7.||Injectable No. 1
|8.||17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone (17 Hydroxyprogesterone)
|9.||Nonoxynol (Nonoxynol 9)
|10.||Levonorgestrel (Plan B)
|2.||Contraception (Birth Control)
|3.||Female Contraceptive Devices (Vaginal Ring)
|4.||Immunologic Contraception (Immunocontraception)