|1.||Vanholder, Raymond: 6 articles (01/2013 - 12/2002)|
|2.||Evenepoel, Pieter: 5 articles (01/2014 - 12/2004)|
|3.||Verbeke, Kristin: 4 articles (01/2014 - 12/2004)|
|4.||Bammens, Bert: 4 articles (01/2014 - 12/2004)|
|5.||Vanrenterghem, Yves: 4 articles (07/2010 - 12/2004)|
|6.||Brunet, Philippe: 4 articles (02/2004 - 12/2002)|
|7.||De Smet, Rita: 4 articles (10/2003 - 12/2002)|
|8.||Persico, Antonio M: 3 articles (09/2014 - 05/2011)|
|9.||Uchida, Kazumi: 3 articles (01/2014 - 06/2009)|
|10.||Kawakami, Koji: 3 articles (01/2014 - 06/2009)|
|1.||Chronic Kidney Failure (Chronic Renal Failure)
09/01/2014 - "Because high plasma concentrations of p-cresol in early phases of CKD are predictive of progression to end-stage renal disease, the results of our study suggest that synbiotics deserve attention as possible tools to delay CKD progression towards end-stage renal disease (ESRD). "
09/01/2014 - "Effect of short-term synbiotic treatment on plasma p-cresol levels in patients with chronic renal failure: a randomized clinical trial."
06/01/2009 - "Especially, blood and fecal levels of p-cresol are high in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. "
11/01/1998 - "Para-cresol (4-methylphenol) is a volatile phenolic compound which is retained in chronic renal failure. "
11/01/1998 - "A sensitive HPLC method for the quantification of free and total p-cresol in patients with chronic renal failure."
|2.||Kidney Diseases (Kidney Disease)
07/01/2006 - "Although further confirmation is warranted, the data may point to a novel treatment option for chronic kidney disease patients in view of the potential toxic effects of p-cresol and related substances."
07/01/2010 - "In a prospective observational study in 499 patients with mild-to-moderate kidney disease, we examined the multivariate association between p-cresol free serum concentrations and cardiovascular events. "
05/01/2015 - "To determine the effects of supplemental fiber on plasma p-cresol, stool frequency, and quality of life (QoL) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. "
05/01/2015 - "Fiber supplementation lowers plasma p-cresol in chronic kidney disease patients."
04/02/2015 - "Higher serum level of p-cresol (PC) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients has been linked with CKD progression. "
|3.||Cardiovascular Diseases (Cardiovascular Disease)
07/01/2010 - "These findings suggest that p-cresol measurements may help to predict cardiovascular disease risk in renal patients over a wide range of residual renal function, beyond traditional markers of glomerular filtration. "
01/01/2014 - "The intestinal generation and absorption of p-cresol may be therapeutic targets to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in patients with renal dysfunction."
01/01/2014 - "Whether intestinal uptake of p-cresol itself is directly associated with cardiovascular disease in patients with renal dysfunction has not been studied to date. "
12/08/2012 - "This finding supports the association of p-cresol and cardiovascular diseases."
12/08/2012 - "High serum levels of p-cresol have been associated with cardiovascular diseases. "
|4.||Cross Infection (Nosocomial Infection)
|5.||Blind Loop Syndrome (Bacterial Overgrowth Syndrome)
01/01/1976 - "When applied as diagnostic tests for the stagnant loop syndrome, the phenol excretion showed 2 false negative results, the p-cresol excretion 3 false negative and 2 false positive results, and the indican excretion 6 false positive results. "
01/01/1976 - "The mean excretion of the compounds in the patients with the stagnant loop syndrome and in the control patients, respectively, was 77 and 2.3 mg/24 h of phenol (p less than 0.05), 164 and 39.5 mg/24 h of p-cresol (n.s.), and 369 and 41.5 mg/24 h of indican (p less than 0.01). "
01/01/1976 - "The urinary excretion of phenol, p-cresol, and indican was determined in 7 patients with the stagnant loop syndrome, 26 patients with coeliac disease, chronic pancreatitis, and partial gastrectomy, and 18 control patients. "
|2.||Phenol (Carbolic Acid)
|7.||Reactive Oxygen Species (Oxygen Radicals)
|1.||Renal Dialysis (Hemodialysis)
|2.||Transplantation (Transplant Recipients)