|1.||Del Rosso, James Q: 12 articles (12/2014 - 01/2004)|
|2.||Draelos, Zoe Diana: 5 articles (07/2015 - 10/2004)|
|3.||Fleischer, Alan B: 5 articles (11/2010 - 11/2003)|
|4.||Elewski, Boni E: 4 articles (07/2015 - 11/2003)|
|5.||Graupe, Klaus: 4 articles (09/2010 - 06/2003)|
|6.||Thiboutot, Diane: 4 articles (01/2008 - 06/2003)|
|7.||van Zuuren, Esther J: 3 articles (12/2015 - 01/2011)|
|8.||Fedorowicz, Zbys: 3 articles (12/2015 - 01/2011)|
|9.||Staedtler, Gerald: 3 articles (07/2015 - 06/2010)|
|10.||Kircik, Leon H: 3 articles (12/2014 - 06/2011)|
|1.||Rosacea (Acne Rosacea)
10/01/2008 - "Clinical studies have shown that azelaic acid 15% gel is an effective and safe first-line topical therapeutic option in patients with mild-to-moderate papulopustular rosacea. "
06/01/2008 - "Twice-daily azelaic acid (AzA) is the conventional regimen for papulopustular rosacea, but once-daily AzA may be equally effective, with greater convenience and dosing flexibility. "
02/01/2006 - "Azelaic acid (AzA) initially was released in a 20% cream formulation, which has been shown to be effective in the treatment of mild to moderate rosacea. "
01/01/2004 - "Azelaic acid is a naturally occurring, straight-chain dicarboxylic acid which is effective in the treatment of rosacea, presumably on account of its anti-inflammatory properties. "
05/01/2007 - "Azelaic acid 15% gel is considered effective and safe as a therapy for inflammatory papulo-pustular rosacea and is suitable for use on all skin types."
10/01/2012 - "This study shows the efficacy of low-fluence QSNYL, topical 20% azelaic acid cream and their combination in melasma. "
10/01/2012 - "These patients were randomly divided in three groups (group A = 20 patients of melasma treated with low-fluence QSNYL at weekly intervals, group B = 20 patients of melasma treated with twice daily application of 20% azelaic acid cream and group C = 20 patients of melasma treated with combination of both). "
01/01/2002 - "Azelaic acid (AZA) 20% is considered efficacious in the treatment of melasma, although the response is rather slow. "
01/01/2002 - "A comparative study of 20% azelaic acid cream monotherapy versus a sequential therapy in the treatment of melasma in dark-skinned patients."
01/01/1989 - "[Use of a cream based on 20% azelaic acid in the treatment of melasma]."
04/01/1989 - "Extensive multi-centre clinical trials have established that topical azelaic acid (a 20% cream) is an effective treatment for all types of acne. "
10/01/1989 - "Azelaic acid is effective in the treatment of acne because it possesses an activity against all of these factors. "
03/01/2007 - "Our objective in this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 20% azelaic acid gel in the treatment of mild to moderate acne vulgaris. "
03/01/2007 - "Efficacy of topical azelaic acid gel in the treatment of mild-moderate acne vulgaris."
01/01/1989 - "Preliminary clinical studies (2) proved the effectiveness of topical azelaic acid (AZA) in the treatment of acne vulgaris. "
05/01/2004 - "Azelaic acid 15% gel is a new first-tier topical agent proven effective in reducing inflammatory lesions and erythema. "
11/01/1999 - "Azelaic acid cream produced significantly greater mean reductions in total inflammatory lesions than did vehicle (azelaic acid: 73.4%; vehicle: 50.6%; (p = 0.011), and erythema severity score (azelaic acid: 47.9%; vehicle: 37.9%; (p = 0.031). "
01/01/2004 - "In all three studies, azelaic acid 15% gel recipients experienced continuous decreases in lesion counts and erythema throughout the 12- to 15-week treatment periods. "
01/01/2009 - "Azelaic acid cream was significantly more effective on inflammatory lesions but not erythema than the other two creams. "
06/01/1999 - "A reduction in erythema tended toward significance with azelaic acid at week 15. "
|5.||Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle (Lentigo Maligna)
11/01/1985 - "Azelaic acid was successfully used in the clinical treatment of 7 cases of lentigo maligna in that remission of the lesions was observed in all our patients. "
05/01/1993 - "Treatment of lentigo maligna with azelaic acid."
01/01/1989 - "The effect of azelaic acid is illustrated in a patient with lentigo maligna monitored clinically, histologically and ultrastructurally over the past 5 years."
01/01/1989 - "Topically applied azelaic acid led to complete clinical and histological resolution of lentigo maligna in more than 50 patients. "
01/01/1989 - "Ten years' experience of treating lentigo maligna with topical azelaic acid."
|2.||hydroquinone (Black and White)
|3.||Tretinoin (Retinoic Acid)
|5.||glycolic acid (glycolate)
|8.||azelaic acid (Azelex)
|4.||Palliative Care (Palliative Medicine)
|5.||Laser Therapy (Surgery, Laser)