|1.||Moore, Ernest E: 12 articles (03/2015 - 02/2003)|
|2.||Holcomb, John B: 8 articles (08/2013 - 12/2002)|
|3.||Minei, Joseph P: 7 articles (03/2015 - 08/2007)|
|4.||Hahn, Robert G: 6 articles (11/2014 - 03/2004)|
|5.||Levy, Mitchell M: 6 articles (02/2013 - 03/2004)|
|6.||Vincent, Jean-Louis: 6 articles (02/2013 - 03/2004)|
|7.||Proctor, Kenneth G: 6 articles (01/2012 - 07/2003)|
|8.||Roberts, I: 6 articles (01/2004 - 01/2000)|
|9.||Bunn, F: 6 articles (01/2004 - 01/2000)|
|10.||Sperry, Jason L: 5 articles (03/2015 - 01/2008)|
|1.||Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure)
03/01/1979 - "It was concluded that the abnormal dispersion of solute within the ECF space seen during or after hypotension can be corrected simply by restoring the cardiac output, and that albumin-containing fluid may be more effective in this regard than crystalloid solution alone."
06/01/2010 - "The aim of this study was to investigate whether the combined use of crystalloid preload and low dose spinal anaesthesia might further reduce the rates of hypotension. "
04/01/1992 - "This study has demonstrated that rapid administration of crystalloid preload before spinal anaesthesia did not decrease the incidence or severity of hypotension, and questions the role of crystalloid preload."
02/01/1988 - "The high incidence (50-65%) and often profound extent of hypotension seen throughout the trial, confirm the ineffectiveness of crystalloid preload of 1500 ml as a single prophylaxis against hypotension."
04/01/2015 - "First 10 minutes, crystalloid showed better efficacy in hypotension prophylaxis over the other regimen. "
|2.||Wounds and Injuries (Trauma)
01/01/2014 - "The administration of crystalloid fluids is considered as the first line treatment in management of trauma patients. "
02/01/2011 - "This study examines the threshold crystalloid volume that is an independent risk factor for mortality after trauma. "
01/01/2001 - "To study the volume effect of isotonic and hypertonic crystalloid fluid during ambulance transports after mild trauma, a prospective case-control study was initiated, using the ambulance and helicopter transport system in Stockholm. "
07/01/1989 - "The study demonstrates that a significant drop in hematocrit may be expected in nonbleeding patients who receive crystalloid infusions during trauma evaluation protocols."
01/01/1989 - "When the data from only those studies using trauma patients were pooled, the overall treatment effect showed a 12.3% difference in mortality rate in favor of crystalloid therapy. "
08/01/2012 - "The data of this study indicate that the extracorporal perfusion of muscle flaps with crystalloid fluid is a possible protective strategy against ischemia. "
05/01/1992 - "In subsequent studies, hearts were subjected to 20 minutes of aerobic perfusion (coronary flow, 2.0 +/- 0.3 ml/min/gm wet weight in blood-perfused hearts versus 11.3 +/- 3.0 ml/min/gm wet weight in crystalloid-perfused hearts; left ventricular developed pressure, 90 +/- 4 and 91 +/- 2 mm Hg, respectively) followed by 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, or 105 minutes of normothermic global ischemia and 40 minutes of reperfusion (n = 4 per group). "
01/01/2012 - "Despite the cardioprotective crystalloid solutions studied are not fully able to suppress the deleterious effects of ischemia and reperfusion in the rat heart, the CEL solution had significantly higher results followed by HTK>KHB>STH-1."
05/01/2010 - "At the end of renal ischemia time, both groups had received approximately 3 L crystalloid solution. "
04/01/2010 - "Isolated, crystalloid perfused working hearts were subjected to 30 min of global normothermic ischemia followed by 15 min of reperfusion; functional recovery was then measured in the two groups. "
|4.||Septic Shock (Toxic Shock Syndrome)
04/01/2014 - "To compare the effect of crystalloid and crystalloid plus albumin in the treatment of pediatric septic shock. "
06/01/2005 - "We investigated the systemic and regional hemodynamic effects of early crystalloid infusion in an experimental model of septic shock induced by intravenous inoculation with live Escherichia coli. "
09/01/2015 - "According to recently published clinical trials, crystalloid solutions seem to be the most appropriate type of fluids for initial resuscitation of septic shock patients. "
01/01/2014 - "Studies were eligible if they compared the effects of albumin versus crystalloid therapy on mortality in adult patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. "
01/01/2014 - "Comparison of the effects of albumin and crystalloid on mortality in adult patients with severe sepsis and septic shock: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials."
01/01/1991 - "The hypertonic crystalloid solution was effective in the early period of SMAO shock to regain the blood pressure by infusing a small volume. "
11/01/2014 - "In the treatment of shock, it is recommended that the administration of isotonic crystalloid fluids at 5-10 ml/kg/hr. under the control of hematocrit and fill peripheral microcirculation. "
08/01/2012 - "Although uncommon immediately after injury, HF is associated with prehospital crystalloid administration and shock at admission and is highly lethal. "
04/01/2011 - "Effects of balanced crystalloid vs. 0.9% saline-based vs. balanced 6% tetrastarch infusion on renal function and tubular integrity in ovine endotoxemic shock."
03/01/2011 - "Coagulation profiles (PT, PTT, and thromboelastography) were measured at baseline, post-shock, post-crystalloid, treatment (M0), and during 4 hours of monitoring (M1-4). "
|4.||Sodium Chloride (Saline Solution)
|2.||Induced Heart Arrest (Cardioplegia)
|4.||Cardiopulmonary Bypass (Heart-Lung Bypass)