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Hemispherectomy Summary

Description: A neurosurgical procedure that removes or disconnects the epileptogenic CEREBRAL CORTEX of a hemisphere. Hemispherectomy is usually performed for patients with intractable unilateral EPILEPSY due to malformations of cortical development or brain lesions. Depending on the epileptogenic area in the hemisphere, cortical removal can be total or partial.

Also Known As: Functional Hemispherectomy; Partial Hemispherectomy; Total Hemispherectomy; Hemispherectomy, Functional; Hemispherectomy, Partial Show All >>

Networked: 472 relevant articles (50 outcomes, 40 trials/studies) for this Therapy

Key Diseases for which Hemispherectomy is Relevant

  1. Seizures (Seizure) : 35 outcomes 15 studies in 202 results
  2. Epilepsy (Aura) : 13 outcomes 17 studies in 186 results
  3. Malformations of Cortical Development : 5 outcomes 2 studies in 41 results
  4. Encephalitis (Encephalitis, Rasmussen) : 3 outcomes 4 studies in 28 results
  5. Hemiplegia (Spastic Hemiplegia) : 3 outcomes 2 studies in 69 results
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Drugs Related to Hemispherectomy

  1. Valproic Acid (Valproate, Semisodium)
  2. Phenytoin (Dilantin)
  3. Phenobarbital (Luminal)
  4. Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
  5. topiramate (Topamax)
  6. lamotrigine (Lamictal)
  7. gabapentin (Neurontin)
  8. etiracetam (levetiracetam)
  9. Vigabatrin
  10. Steroids
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Therapies Related to Hemispherectomy

  1. Hemispherectomy
  2. Vagus Nerve Stimulation
  3. Relaxation Therapy
  4. Psychology Biofeedback (Biofeedback)
  5. Surgical Equipment
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