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Counterpulsation (External Counterpulsation) Summary

Description: A technique for assisting the circulation by decreasing the afterload of the left ventricle and augmenting the diastolic pressure. It may be achieved by intra-aortic balloon, or by implanting a special pumping device in the chest, or externally by applying a negative pressure to the lower extremities during cardiac systole.

Also Known As: External Counterpulsation; Counterpulsation, Diastolic; Counterpulsation, External; Diastolic Counterpulsation

Networked: 858 relevant articles (79 outcomes, 99 trials/studies) for this Therapy

Key Diseases for which Counterpulsation is Relevant

  1. Heart Failure : 22 outcomes 19 studies in 129 results
  2. Cardiogenic Shock : 13 outcomes 34 studies in 198 results
  3. Myocardial Infarction : 8 outcomes 37 studies in 196 results
  4. Angina Pectoris : 8 outcomes 5 studies in 61 results
  5. Coronary Artery Disease (Coronary Atherosclerosis) : 7 outcomes 5 studies in 59 results
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Drugs Related to Counterpulsation

  1. Oxygen
  2. Vasodilator Agents (Vasodilators)
  3. simendan (Levosimendan)
  4. Nitroprusside (Sodium Nitroprusside)
  5. Norepinephrine (Noradrenaline)
  6. 4-azidobenzylcarazolol (pABC)
  7. Enoximone
  8. Tobacco Smoke Pollution (Passive Smoking)
  9. Adrenergic beta-Agonists (beta-Adrenergic Agonists)
  10. esmolol (Brevibloc)
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Therapies Related to Counterpulsation

  1. Left Heart Bypass
  2. Thrombolytic Therapy
  3. Angioplasty (Angioplasty, Transluminal)
  4. Catheters
  5. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
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