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Thiamine Deficiency Summary

Description: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171)

Also Known As: Deficiency, Thiamine; Deficiencies, Thiamine; Thiamine Deficiencies

Networked: 754 relevant articles (21 outcomes, 62 trials/studies) for this Disease

Key Drugs and Agents for Thiamine Deficiency

Efficacy Chart >>
Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to treatments:
  1. Thiamine (Aneurin) : 15 outcomes 24 studies in 300 results : FDA 6
  2. Transketolase : 2 outcomes 2 studies in 63 results : IBA
  3. Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol) : 1 outcome 5 studies in 39 results : IBA
  4. Pyruvic Acid (Pyruvate) : 1 outcome 1 study in 33 results : IBA
  5. Histamine (Histamine Dihydrochloride) : 1 outcome in 8 results : FDA 1
  6. Carbohydrates : 1 outcome in 7 results : IBA
  7. Adenosine Triphosphatases (ATPase) : 1 outcome in 3 results : IBA
  8. Phenytoin (Dilantin) : 1 outcome in 2 results : FDA 9 Generic
  9. Spermine : 1 outcome in 1 result : IBA
  10. Spermidine : 1 outcome in 1 result : IBA
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Diseases Related to Thiamine Deficiency

  1. Heart Failure
  2. Acidosis
  3. Ataxia (Dyssynergia)
  4. Neurologic Manifestations (Neurological Manifestations)
  5. Memory Disorders (Memory Loss)
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Key Therapies for Thiamine Deficiency

Efficacy Chart >>
  1. Total Parenteral Nutrition : 1 outcome in 15 results
  2. Subcutaneous Injections : 1 outcome in 1 result
  3. Gastrectomy : 1 study in 13 results
  4. Bariatric Surgery : 1 study in 10 results
  5. Gastric Bypass (Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass) : 1 study in 7 results
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