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Pneumocystis Pneumonia (Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia) Summary

Description: A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by DYSPNEA, tachypnea, and HYPOXEMIA. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a frequently seen opportunistic infection in AIDS. It is caused by the fungus PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII. The disease is also found in other MAMMALS where it is caused by related species of Pneumocystis.

Also Known As: Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia; Pneumocystosis; Pneumonia, Pneumocystis; Pneumonia, Pneumocystis carinii; Pneumocystis Pneumonias Show All >>

Networked: 1890 relevant articles (129 outcomes, 142 trials/studies) for this Disease

Key Drugs and Agents for Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Efficacy Chart >>
Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to treatments:
  1. Pentamidine (NebuPent) : 30 outcomes 41 studies in 358 results : FDA 6 Generic
  2. Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination (Co-Trimoxazole) : 24 outcomes 29 studies in 291 results : FDA 6 Generic
  3. Sulfamethoxazole : 9 outcomes 2 studies in 59 results : FDA 75 Generic
  4. Dapsone : 8 outcomes 11 studies in 89 results : FDA 3
  5. Clindamycin (Cleocin) : 8 outcomes 5 studies in 29 results : FDA 19 Generic
  6. Trimethoprim (Proloprim) : 8 outcomes 3 studies in 77 results : FDA 73 Generic
  7. Primaquine : 7 outcomes 5 studies in 25 results : FDA 2
  8. Leucovorin (Folinic Acid) : 6 outcomes 3 studies in 15 results : FDA 6
  9. Trimetrexate (JB11) : 5 outcomes 5 studies in 19 results : FDA 1
  10. Zidovudine (Retrovir) : 3 outcomes 8 studies in 58 results : FDA 42 Generic
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Diseases Related to Pneumocystis Pneumonia

  1. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  2. Infection
  3. Encephalitis (Encephalitis, Rasmussen)
  4. Pneumonia (Pneumonitis)
  5. HIV Infections (HIV Infection)
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Key Therapies for Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Efficacy Chart >>
  1. Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) : 4 outcomes 4 studies in 42 results
  2. Chemoprevention : 4 outcomes 2 studies in 45 results
  3. Intensive Care (Surgical Intensive Care) : 2 outcomes 3 studies in 14 results
  4. Transplantation (Transplant Recipients) : 2 outcomes 2 studies in 63 results
  5. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy) : 2 outcomes 1 study in 46 results
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