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Cystinuria Summary

Description: An inherited disorder due to defective reabsorption of CYSTINE and other BASIC AMINO ACIDS by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This form of aminoaciduria is characterized by the abnormally high urinary levels of cystine; LYSINE; ARGININE; and ORNITHINE. Mutations involve the amino acid transport protein gene SLC3A1.

Also Known As: Cystinurias

Networked: 558 relevant articles (19 outcomes, 24 trials/studies) for this Disease

Key Drugs and Agents for Cystinuria

Efficacy Chart >>
Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to treatments:
  1. Penicillamine (Cuprimine) : 5 outcomes 3 studies in 76 results : FDA 2
  2. Cystine (L-Cystine) : 4 outcomes 7 studies in 259 results : IBA
  3. Captopril (Capoten) : 3 outcomes in 11 results : FDA 30 Generic
  4. Amino Acids : 2 outcomes 2 studies in 36 results : FDA 53
  5. Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) : 2 outcomes 1 study in 8 results : FDA 18 Generic
  6. Lysine (L-Lysine) : 1 outcome 1 study in 43 results : FDA 30
  7. Phenobarbital (Luminal) : 1 outcome in 15 results : FDA 1
  8. Basic Amino Acids (Basic Amino Acid) : 1 outcome in 10 results : IBA
  9. Creatinine : 1 outcome in 9 results : IBA
  10. Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda) : 1 outcome in 4 results : FDA 38 Generic
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Diseases Related to Cystinuria

  1. Hepatolenticular Degeneration (Wilson's Disease)
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis
  3. Lithiasis
  4. Urinary Calculi (Urinary Calculus)
  5. Shock
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Key Therapies for Cystinuria

Efficacy Chart >>
  1. Lithotripsy (Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy) : 1 outcome in 7 results
  2. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy) : 1 study in 3 results
  3. Kidney Transplantation : 6 results
  4. Sodium-Restricted Diet (Diet, Sodium Restricted) : 3 results
  5. Stents : 2 results
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