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Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin) Summary

Description: An antibiotic first isolated from cultures of Streptomyces venequelae in 1947 but now produced synthetically. It has a relatively simple structure and was the first broad-spectrum antibiotic to be discovered. It acts by interfering with bacterial protein synthesis and is mainly bacteriostatic. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p106)

Also Known As: Chloromycetin; Chlornitromycin; Ophthochlor; Cloranfenicol; Kloramfenikol Show All >>

Networked: 3428 relevant articles (176 outcomes, 205 trials/studies) for this Drug

Key Diseases for which Chloramphenicol is Relevant

  1. Infection : 35 outcomes 19 studies in 481 results
  2. Typhoid Fever (Typhoid) : 31 outcomes 57 studies in 771 results
  3. Meningitis : 16 outcomes 13 studies in 222 results
  4. Pneumonia (Pneumonitis) : 11 outcomes 3 studies in 44 results
  5. Fever (Fevers) : 6 outcomes 3 studies in 58 results
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Drugs Related to Chloramphenicol

  1. Ampicillin (Omnipen)
  2. Penicillins (Penicillin)
  3. Ceftriaxone (Ceftriaxon)
  4. Tetracycline (Achromycin)
  5. Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination (Co-Trimoxazole)
  6. Gentamicins (Gentamicin)
  7. Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin)
  8. Clindamycin (Cleocin)
  9. Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  10. Trimethoprim (Proloprim)
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Therapies Related to Chloramphenicol

  1. Intramuscular Injections
  2. Injections
  3. Aftercare (After-Treatment)
  4. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
  5. Chemoprevention
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